Top Historic Sights in A Coruña, Spain

Explore the historic highlights of A Coruña

Igrexa de San Xurxo

Igrexa de San Xurxo (Iglesia de San Jorge) was built in 1725-1767 in Baroque style. Here first same-sex marriage in Spain took place between Elisa and Marcela in 1901, which is the basis for the movie of the same name.
Founded: 1725 | Location: A Coruña, Spain

Tower of Hercules

The Tower of Hercules (Torre de Hércules) is an ancient Roman lighthouse on a peninsula about 2.4 km from the centre of A Coruña. The structure is 55 metres (180 ft) tall and overlooks the North Atlantic coast of Spain. It has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2009. It is the second-tallest lighthouse in Spain. The tower is known to have existed by the 2nd century, built or perhaps rebuilt under Trajan, possibly ...
Founded: 2nd century AD | Location: A Coruña, Spain

Igrexa de Santiago Church

Church of Santiago (Igrexa de Santiago) is one of A Coruna"s oldest buildings, the . Originally built in the 12th century, it was modified in the 14th and 15th centuries and has huge historic significance on account of a 13th century statue of Saint James which it houses. Some of the more prominent aspects of the churches detailing originate from the fifteenth century and are gothic in design. The photo to the right ...
Founded: 12th century | Location: A Coruña, Spain

Colegiata de Santa María del Campo

Colegiata de Santa María del Campo represents late Romanesque architecture, it has three naves and apse. There are also some Gothic features. It was built in the 13th century.
Founded: 13th century | Location: A Coruña, Spain

San Antón Castle

One of the A Coruña"s most interesting monuments, San Anton castle (Castillo de San Antón) in A Coruña was constructed during the 16th and 17th centuries. A fortress built on a small island in the bay to defend the city against attacks coming from the sea, it effectively defended the entrance to the city against the English assault led by Francis Drake in 1589. There are some lovely collections of Celtic jewellery ...
Founded: 16th century | Location: A Coruña, Spain

A Coruña City Walls

The walls surrounding ancient A Coruña were built in the 13th century by the order of king Alfonso IX. They were damaged by English and Portugalian armies in 1730, 1386 and again in 1589. Today some parts remain, mainly around Jardín de San Carlos (Gardens of San Carlos).
Founded: 13th century | Location: A Coruña, Spain

Castro de Elviña

Castro de Elviña is a remnant of a Celtic military structure in A Coruña. It was in use from the 3rd century BCE until 4th century CE.
Founded: 300-200 BCE | Location: A Coruña, Spain

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Cesis Castle

German crusaders known as the Livonian Brothers of the Sword began construction of the Cēsis castle (Wenden) near the hill fort in 1209. When the castle was enlarged and fortified, it served as the residence for the Order's Master from 1237 till 1561, with periodic interruptions. Its ruins are some of the most majestic castle ruins in the Baltic states. Once the most important castle of the Livonian Order, it was the official residence for the masters of the order.

In 1577, during the Livonian War, the garrison destroyed the castle to prevent it from falling into the control of Ivan the Terrible, who was decisively defeated in the Battle of Wenden (1578).

In 1598 it was incorporated into the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and Wenden Voivodship was created here. In 1620 Wenden was conquered by Sweden. It was rebuilt afterwards, but was destroyed again in 1703 during the Great Northern War by the Russian army and left in a ruined state. Already from the end of the 16th century, the premises of the Order's castle were adjusted to the requirements of the Cēsis Castle estate. When in 1777 the Cēsis Castle estate was obtained by Count Carl Sievers, he had his new residence house built on the site of the eastern block of the castle, joining its end wall with the fortification tower.

Since 1949, the Cēsis History Museum has been located in this New Castle of the Cēsis Castle estate. The front yard of the New Castle is enclosed by a granary and a stable-coach house, which now houses the Exhibition Hall of the Museum. Beside the granary there is the oldest brewery in Latvia, Cēsu alus darītava, which was built in 1878 during the later Count Sievers' time, but its origins date back to the period of the Livonian Order. Further on, the Cēsis Castle park is situated, which was laid out in 1812. The park has the romantic characteristic of that time, with its winding footpaths, exotic plants, and the waters of the pond reflecting the castle's ruins. Nowadays also one of the towers is open for tourists.