Top Historic Sights in Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Explore the historic highlights of Banja Luka

Cathedral of Christ the Saviour

The Cathedral of Christ the Saviour is a Serbian Orthodox church located in Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina. A Holy Trinity Church was built during interwar Yugoslavia in the center of Banja Luka. The construction of the temple lasted from 1925 to 1929, and was solemnly consecrated on the Day of Salvation in 1939. During the German bombing on April 12, 1941, the temple was hit and the altar section (apse) was signif ...
Founded: 1929/2004 | Location: Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Kastel Fortress

The Kastel Fortress in Banja Luka is medieval but is situated on the site of previous fortifications going all the way back to Roman and even pre-Roman times. The fortress is relatively well-preserved, and is one of Banja Luka's main attractions, situated on the left bank of the Vrbas river in the very center of town.  The site has been fortified since Roman times, but the current walls and architecture were made mainly ...
Founded: 15th century | Location: Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Ferhat Pasha Mosque

Ferhat Pasha Mosque in the city of Banja Luka s one of the greatest achievements of Bosnia and Herzegovina"s 16th century Ottoman Islamic architecture. The mosque was demolished in 1993 at the order of the authorities of Republika Srpska as a part of ethnic cleansing campaign, and was rebuilt and opened in 2016. Commissioned by the Bosnian Sanjak-bey Ferhad Pasha Sokolović, the mosque was built in 1579 with money t ...
Founded: 1579/2016 | Location: Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Banj Brdo

Banj brdo (before known as Šehitluci) is a 431 meter hill as well as tourist and recreation place in Banja Luka, part of the Bjeljavina mountain. On top of the hill stands the Monument to fallen Krajina soldiers, a work of Antun Augustinčić and dedicated to the dead soldiers of the People Liberation War during the Second World War in Bosanska Krajina. It is possible to see the whole city of Banja Luka from this plac ...
Founded: 1961 | Location: Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Mariastern Abbey

Mariastern Abbey is a Trappist abbey in Bosnia and Herzegovina, situated near the country"s second largest city Banja Luka. It was founded in 1869 by trappist Franz Pfanner. It consists of the Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary (1873) and the monastery of Trappist monks. It is the only Trappist monastery in Southeastern Europe. At the beginning of the 20th century, with 219 monks, the Abbey was the l ...
Founded: 1869 | Location: Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Tyniec Abbey

Tyniec Benedictine abbey was founded by King Casimir the Restorer probably around 1044. Casimir decided to rebuild the newly established Kingdom of Poland, after a Pagan rebellion and a disastrous Czech raid of Duke Bretislaus I (1039). The Benedictines, invited to Tyniec by the King, were tasked with restoring order as well as cementing the position of the State and the Church. First Tyniec Abbot was Aaron, who became the Bishop of Kraków. Since there is no conclusive evidence to support the foundation date as 1040, some historians claim that the abbey was founded by Casimir the Restorer’ son, King Boleslaw II the Generous.

In the second half of the 11th century, a complex of Romanesque buildings was completed, consisting of a basilica and the abbey. In the 14th century, it was destroyed in Tatar and Czech raids, and in the 15th century it was rebuilt in Gothic style. Further remodelings took place in the 17th and 18th centuries, first in Baroque, then in Rococo style. The abbey was partly destroyed in the Swedish invasion of Poland, and soon afterwards was rebuilt, with a new library. Further destruction took place during the Bar Confederation, when Polish rebels turned the abbey into their fortress.

In 1816, Austrian authorities liquidated the abbey, and in 1821-1826, it was the seat of the Bishop of Tyniec, Grzegorz Tomasz Ziegler. The monks, however, did not return to the abbey until 1939, and in 1947, remodelling of the neglected complex was initiated. In 1968, the Church of St. Peter and Paul was once again named the seat of the abbot. The church itself consists of a Gothic presbytery and a Baroque main nave. Several altars were created by an 18th-century Italian sculptor Francesco Placidi. The church also has a late Baroque pulpit by Franciszek Jozef Mangoldt.