Top Historic Sights in Nejdek, Czech Republic

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Nejdek Castle

Nejdek Castle history is unclear. According to hypotheses, the castle was built from the end of the 13th century to the beginning of the 14th century. According to the feudal letter of 1341, the first documented castle owner was the knight Konrad Plick. At the beginning of the Thirty Years War the castle was probably still there and inhabited. In the course of the Counter-Reformation, rule came to Count Hermann Czernin in ...
Founded: 13th century | Location: Nejdek, Czech Republic

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Amphitheatre of the Three Gauls

The Amphitheatre of the Three Gauls was part of the federal sanctuary of the three Gauls dedicated to the cult of Rome and Augustus celebrated by the 60 Gallic tribes when they gathered at Lugdunum (Lyon). The amphitheatre was built at the foot of the La Croix-Rousse hill at what was then the confluence of the Rhône and Saône.

Excavations have revealed a basement of three elliptical walls linked by cross-walls and a channel surrounding the oval central arena. The arena was slightly sloped, with the building"s south part supported by a now-vanished vault. The arena"s dimensions are 67,6m by 42m. This phase of the amphitheatre housed games which accompanied the imperial cult, with its low capacity (1,800 seats) being enough for delegations from the 60 Gallic tribes.

The amphitheatre was expanded at the start of the 2nd century. Two galleries were added around the old amphitheatre, raising its width from 25 metres to 105 metres and its capacity to about 20,000 seats. In so doing it made it a building open to the whole population of Lugdunum and its environs.