Top Historic Sights in Fredericia, Denmark

Explore the historic highlights of Fredericia

St. Michael's Church

St. Michael"s Church was originally built in 1665-1668. Over the years, the church has been rebuilt several times and today the building is characterized by neoclassicism. In the beginning, the church was called “German Church” because it served the many German-speaking immigrants and not least the garrison who mainly spoke German. St. Michaelis Church has been Garrison Church from the beginning – and it still ...
Founded: 1665-1668 | Location: Fredericia, Denmark

Fredericia Fortress

Fredericia was established as a fortress town in 1650. On the land side, the town was laid out in circular form with nine large moated bastions. On the waterfront, the town had a somewhat weaker fortification line together with a citadel as its last defence. There is every indication that Fredericia was planned as a fortress town. The streets are regular and entirely perpendicular. Fredericia was the only town in Denmark ...
Founded: 1650 | Location: Fredericia, Denmark

Trinitatis Church

The present structure of Trinitatis Church was consecrated in 1690 and built in a late medieval style. A few decorated stones are included in the foundations, which come from a medieval church that was pulled down shortly after the setting up of Fredericia as a fortified town around 1650. The Romanesque font comes from the same source and along with a Baroque font canopy, is one of the church`s treasures. The majority of ...
Founded: 1690 | Location: Fredericia, Denmark

Pjedsted Church

Pjedsted church"s chancel and nave where built in Romanesque style in the 12th century. During the late Gothic period the nave was extended westward, where a combined porch and tower were also built. Note the large medieval oak door to the porch with iron reinforcements.  The finely carved and painted altar dates from about 1600 is adorned with a very attractive late Gothic altarpiece from about 1500.
Founded: 12th century | Location: Fredericia, Denmark

Egeskov Church

The Egeskov Church chancel and nave are Romanesque, whilst the west tower and the porch on the south side date from the late Gothic period. Externally the chancel is highly ornate, the east wall including an attractive gable recess. After the Swedish wars 1657-60 the church was in ruins. The crucifix, which now hangs on the north wall of the nave, was the only thing to be spared. The altar piece, the pulpit and the font c ...
Founded: 12th century | Location: Fredericia, Denmark

Taulov Church

Taulov Church is a medieval church in traditional Danish style, and was constructed in the 13th century. In 1581 a chapel was added to the church. It functioned as a seamark for sailors on Kolding Fjord and Little Belt until modern navigation was introduced. The church was fully restored in 1999.
Founded: 13th century | Location: Fredericia, Denmark

Bredstrup Church

Bredstrup Church dates from the late Romanesque period. The tower is from the late Gothic period. Only the porch is more recent, from the 1800s. The baptismal font is from the Romanesque period, the altarpiece in the late Baroque style is from 1600s. The expressive altar painting is a gift to the church painted by N. Larsen Stevns, 1920. The current font is from Kongsted Church. The pulpit is in Renaissance style and from ...
Founded: 12th century | Location: Fredericia, Denmark

Herslev Church

The western part of the chancel and the eastern part of the nave are the oldest parts of Herslev Church dating from the Romanesque period. The chancel and the nave were extended in the late Middle Ages, when the porch was presumably also built. When the chancel was extended, a vault was erected. The church was restored in 1881: the porch was rebuilt, the large windows were put in and a wall was put round a belfry at the ...
Founded: 12th century | Location: Fredericia, Denmark

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Lorca Castle

Castle of Lorca (Castillo de Lorca) is a fortress of medieval origin constructed between the 9th and 15th centuries. It consists of a series of defensive structures that, during the Middle Ages, made the town and the fortress an impregnable point in the southeast part of the Iberian Peninsula. Lorca Castle was a key strategic point of contention between Christians and Muslims during the Reconquista.

Archaeological excavations have revealed that the site of the castle has been inhabited since Neolithic times.

Muslim Era

It has not been determined exactly when a castle or fortress was first built on the hill. The first written documentation referring to a castle at Lorca is of Muslim origin, which in the 9th century, indicates that the city of Lurqa was an important town in the area ruled by Theudimer (Tudmir). During Muslim rule, Lorca Castle was an impregnable fortress and its interior was divided into two sections by the Espaldón Wall. In the western part, there was an area used to protect livestock and grain in times of danger. The eastern part had a neighbourhood called the barrio de Alcalá.

After Reconquista

Lorca was conquered by the Castilian Infante Don Alfonso, the future Alfonso X, in 1244, and the fortress became a key defensive point against the Kingdom of Granada. For 250 years, Lorca Castle was a watchpoint on the border between the Christian kingdom of Murcia and the Muslim state of Granada.

Alfonso X ordered the construction of the towers known as the Alfonsina and Espolón Towers, and strengthened and fixed the walls. Hardly a trace of the Muslim fortress remained due to this reconstruction. Muslim traces remain in the foundation stones and the wall known as the muro del Espaldón.

The Jewish Quarter was found within the alcazaba, the Moorish fortification, separated from the rest of the city by its walls. The physical separation had the purpose of protecting the Jewish people in the town from harm, but also had the result of keeping Christians and Jews separate, with the Christians inhabiting the lower part of town.

The remains of the Jewish Quarter extended over an area of 5,700 square m, and 12 homes and a synagogue have been found; the synagogue dates from the 14th century and is the only one found in the Murcia. The streets of the town had an irregular layout, adapted to the landscape, and is divided into four terraces. The synagogue was in the central location, and around it were the homes. The homes were of rectangular shape, with various compartmentalized rooms. The living quarters were elevated and a common feature was benches attached to the walls, kitchens, stand for earthenware jars, or cupboards.

Modern history

With the disappearance of the frontier after the conquest of Granada in 1492, Lorca Castle no longer became as important as before. With the expulsion of the Jews by order of Ferdinand and Isabella, Lorca Castle was also depopulated as a result. The castle was abandoned completely, and was almost a complete ruin by the 18th century. In the 19th century, the castle was refurbished due to the War of Spanish Independence. The walls and structures were repaired or modified and its medieval look changed. A battery of cannons was installed, for example, during this time. In 1931 Lorca Castle was declared a National Historic Monument.

Currently, a parador (luxury hotel) has been built within the castle. As a result, archaeological discoveries have been found, including the Jewish Quarter.