The Fulfinum Mirine basilica has been preserved up to the roof level. It is the only preserved sacral building of this type not only on the island of Krk, but on the entire Croatian Littoral.
The construction of this church on the remains of the Roman town of Fulfinum marked the beginning of a new Christian town. However, its secrets are yet to be discovered by experts. Local tradition associates this church with the Glagolitic Benedictine abbey of St Nicholas, which was abandoned in the 15th century and relocated closer to Omišalj.
In its original construction phase, this impressive single-nave church had an entrance area in the front (called the narthex or vestibule), a porch on its south side, and two smaller side rooms which could be defined as early examples of a sacristy and which were connected to the wall of the presbytery. The presbytery itself has a simple layout: its rear is flat and features a freestanding bench for the clergy. In front of the bench there is part of the presbytery enclosed with an altar balustrade with a cross-shaped altar tomb at its centre. The entrance area contains a sarcophagus dug into solid rock and covered with mortar. A privileged tomb with two deceased was later placed alongside the sarcophagus. It has been dated to the period between the 7th and 8th century.
The atrium at the south porch, which also features several privileged tombs, was probably added at the same time. Over the centuries that followed, this community developed into a well-organised religious community that eventually took on the teachings of St. Benedictine, as suggested by later sources that mention the Abbey of St. Nicholas at the foot of Omišalj. Inside this monastery complex, on the eastern side of the church which also underwent changes in its interior, there are smaller spaces of a memorial and commercial character.References:
Roman Walls of Lugo are an exceptional architectural, archaeological and constructive legacy of Roman engineering, dating from the 3rd and 4th centuries AD. The Walls are built of internal and external stone facings of slate with some granite, with a core filling of a conglomerate of slate slabs and worked stone pieces from Roman buildings, interlocked with lime mortar.
Their total length of 2117 m in the shape of an oblong rectangle occupies an area of 1.68 ha. Their height varies between 8 and 10 m, with a width of 4.2 m, reaching 7 m in some specific points. The walls still contain 85 external towers, 10 gates (five of which are original and five that were opened in modern times), four staircases and two ramps providing access to the walkway along the top of the walls, one of which is internal and the other external. Each tower contained access stairs leading from the intervallum to the wall walk of town wall, of which a total of 21 have been discovered to date.
The defences of Lugo are the most complete and best preserved example of Roman military architecture in the Western Roman Empire.
Despite the renovation work carried out, the walls conserve their original layout and the construction features associated with their defensive purpose, with walls, battlements, towers, fortifications, both modern and original gates and stairways, and a moat.
Since they were built, the walls have defined the layout and growth of the city, which was declared a Historical-Artistic Ensemble in 1973, forming a part of it and becoming an emblematic structure that can be freely accessed to walk along. The local inhabitants and visitors alike have used them as an area for enjoyment and as a part of urban life for centuries.
The fortifications were added to UNESCO"s World Heritage List in late 2000 and are a popular tourist attraction.