National Museum Taras Shevchenko in Kyiv is dedicated to the life and work of the painter and national poet, Taras Shevchenko.
The museum and its collection originated as part of an initiative by friends of Shevchenko to preserve his legacy shortly after his death. By 1897 the collection had grown and it was collectively transferred to the Museum of Ukrainian Antiquities, which was later merged into Chernihiv Historical Museum (uk). In 1926 the Shevchenko Institute in Kharkiv was founded, which became the home of the collection, and an initial Taras Shevchenko Museum operated as a section of the manuscripts department of the Institute.
In 1939, the Council of People's Commissars of the USSR decided to fund a major retrospective exhibition, and by 1940 the decision was made to found a central museum commemorating the artist. This exhibition was hosted at the Mariinskyi Palace and opened in 1941, but closed during the Second World War, with some works evacuated to Novosibirsk during the German occupation.
The museum opened in a specially converted building on 24 April 1949.
The collection comprises over 72,000 objects, including works of art and archival material. Works from the collection have been loaned to museums in Latvia, Russia and the Czech Republic.
The museum exhibits works by famous painters, sculptors, writers and composers from Shevchenko's period, who are connected to his life and work. These include: Karl Bryullov, Mykhailo Derehus, Ivan Jishakevych, Vasyl Kasiyan, Fotij Krasyzkyj, Ivan Kramskoi, Mikhail Mikeshin, Ilya Repin, Mykola Samokysch, Ivan Soschenko, Vasily Sternberg, Karpo Trochymenko, Vasily Tropinin and Konstantin Trutovsky. Sculptors in the collection also include: Peter Kapschutschenko, Peter Clodt von Jürgensburg, Vladimir Beklemishev and others.References:
The Odeon of Herodes Atticus is a stone theatre structure located on the southwest slope of the Acropolis of Athens. It was built in 161 AD by the Athenian magnate Herodes Atticus in memory of his wife, Aspasia Annia Regilla. It was originally a steep-sloped theater with a three-story stone front wall and a wooden roof made of expensive cedar of Lebanon timber. It was used as a venue for music concerts with a capacity of 5,000. It lasted intact until it was destroyed and left in ruins by the Heruli in 267 AD.
The audience stands and the orchestra (stage) were restored using Pentelic marble in the 1950s. Since then it has been the main venue of the Athens Festival, which runs from May through October each year, featuring a variety of acclaimed Greek as well as International performances.