Hornos Castle

Hornos, Spain

The Knights from the Order of Santiago built the Hornos Castle between the late 13th century and early 14th century. They built iton top of an old Arab defensive structure in a strategic location, on one of the roads between the mountain chains of Cazorla and Segura.

Hornos Castle is made up of a defensive site with an outdoor enclosure in the shape of a trapezoid. We can find a large keep, a well right in the parade ground and remains of three turrets.

The keep is 9 metres tall and it has a square base. It was built using masonry with rounded corners, and this feature makes it less vulnerable to the effects of weapons.

The enclosure was also built in masonry. The Almohads builtthree slim towers with small bases,the towers are reinforced with a lining of masonry. Inside the enclosure we find a well of Arab origin.

These days in the Castle we find the Cosmolarium, an astronomical centre and planetarium where films are shown.

History

The Muslims founded Hornos fortress in the 9th century, and many of its remains such as the well in the parade ground and the three towers date from the Almohad period.

Don Pedro Pérez Pelayo Correa, grand master of the Order of Santiago, conquered Hornos in 1239. Thus, the town was attached to the Encomienda de Segura de la Sierra (a vast territory that belonged to the Order of Santiago).

During the 15th century, the towns of Hornos and Segura de la Sierra played adecisiverole in the political ambitions of the Manrique family who confrontedKing John II and King Henry IV.

Hornos remained part of the territory ruled by the Order of Santiago during the Modern Era, although between 1507 and 1748 the town belonged to the Kingdom of Murcia.

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Address

Calle Murallas 3, Hornos, Spain
See all sites in Hornos

Details

Founded: 13th century
Category: Castles and fortifications in Spain

Rating

4.4/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Víctor Manuel (6 months ago)
Spectacular fortress, better said Castle of Arab origin built around the 13th century with an impressive main tower (homage). Now it houses an astronomical center-museum, which is not fully accessible for people with disabilities and wheelchairs, a complete visit is impossible, however its guides do everything possible to make the experience as immersive and accessible as possible. Juan is an expert in astronomy who explains the ins and outs of the universe with unusual clarity. The planetarium is an accessible place and they project panoramic films on a "stellar" scale.
Paco Romo Torres (7 months ago)
On the route through Cazorla Sierra Segur and the villages, we spent the night in this beautiful and quiet town, I was able to take some photographs of its castle at night, despite the full moon, the stars were perfectly visible, the castle is well preserved and deserves worth visiting.
Richard Beer (7 years ago)
Amazing village perched on the hills. We parked at the Mirador slightly out of town and walked back as spaces looked a little sketchy.
Rui Fonseca (7 years ago)
Very beautiful with a magnificent view
Dalia D (7 years ago)
A fantastic mix of history & science, very modern and informative. The guides were super friendly too. Definitely worth a visit.
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