Serdica Archaeological Park

Sofia, Bulgaria

Ancient complex Serdica combines areas with various purposes, divided into two zones. The “Largo” zone, situated underneath Nezavisimost Square, integrates the unearthed archaeological remains into a site for cultural events. The remains of one of the two main streets of the Roman town, the decumanus maximus, which connects the eastern and the western gate of the city, can be seen here. A large residential building, covering an entire insula (urban block), can be seen south of it. The building also had small shops, from which travelers and the town’s inhabitants could purchase food and various goods. A lapidarium is located close to the building. It displays different monuments from the collection of the National Archaeological Institute with Museum at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, some of which were excavated from Nezavisimost Square and the surrounding area. The “Largo” zone is equipped with three halls with different functions – a special hall for conferences, lectures and discussions, an exhibition hall, which also includes a freely accessible info-point, and a hall for temporary exhibits and projects. The area under the domes is also used for various cultural and social events, such as exhibitions, modern and classical concerts, film productions, performances, etc.

The second part of the complex encompasses the archaeological exhibition underneath Knyaginya Maria Luiza Boulevard. The excavations were carried out between 2010 and 2012 during reconstruction of the central parts of Sofia and construction of the second Metro line. The complex consists of several insulae along the main streets of the Roman city, where the houses of the city elite were located. Within an area of 6000 m2 parts of six streets are visible, along with two early Christian basilicas, thermae and five buildings with residential, production and trade functions. Most of the buildings are of a considerable size, include both a private heating system and a bath, and are distinguished for their rich internal decoration, all of which illustrates the resources of the city elite in Serdica in the period of its heyday (IV – VI century). Among the highlights of the complex is the Felix mosaic, which is entirely preserved in one of the buildings. Remains of one of the earliest Christian temples in the region– the Episcopal basilica of Protogenes, where presumably the Council of Serdica convened in 343, as well as the residence of Archbishop Leontius from the end of the VI century, are of great significance for the history of the city. Sections of earlier buildings from II – III century and representative artifacts uncovered during the archaeological excavations, along with interesting remnants from everyday life in ancient Serdica are exhibited in different parts of the complex.



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Founded: 3rd century AD
Category: Prehistoric and archaeological sites in Bulgaria

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4.6/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

ShahiL Mahmud RaNa (7 months ago)
A wonderful place. I came from Bangladesh to enjoy it. The environment here is very flexible and the people are also very nice. The people here are very friendly. They helped me to explore the whole area. I wanted to stay here. I was fascinated by the beauty here. I fell in love with it. Bulgaria is really beautiful surrounded by mountains. I will come here again. I will fall in love with the city of Sofia again. I will go back to Bulgaria people very soon if I have time. I miss the memories here. Every night I remember that I went to Sufia. I don't know when I will be able to go again. But in my dreams, I am fine. Everyone pray that I can come here very soon. I will spend time with my family here. I wanted to Sufia city. To stay. This time I will bring my family. Hope to have a nice time with Paribar. Please bless me. I love the people of Sofia city. I love the country of Bulgaria. I can't forget them. I miss them every moment. Love Bulgaria.❤️?
Seah Shao Jun Nigel (8 months ago)
The past converges with the present at this very spot. There is this particular spot where you can see the Romain ruins, the National Assembly building and the modern metro station together. Visit the past with your very legs, right on your way to the metro station. These ancient Roman ruins are free to the public and offer visitors a glimpse of the ancient times. The ruins are pretty well preserved and though there are no barriers, I didn't see any act of vandalism on these artifacts. They even have the information signs to highlight the ruins for the viewers. Kudos to the government for making efforts to highlight the culture and history of the places. Remember to drop by on your way to the Seredika metro to see this piece of marvel!
Marina S (10 months ago)
Serdica, an ancient Roman complex in Sofia, Bulgaria, was unearthed during 20th-century urban projects. Recent excavations surged, particularly during subway work. Finds: a well-preserved amphitheater, Roman roads, and early Christian basilicas. Now part of modern Sofia; some areas open to the public.
Jarrod Hunt (11 months ago)
Great history, literally under your feet (the Metro station). Definitely cough up the couple of bucks to do the inside section and not just wander the free outside bits, some amazing artifacts inside. Crazy to think this was only discovered a decade ago. Minus one star because it's very hot inside, they could do with some more air con units!
Rosemary Asher (12 months ago)
The original Roman road is underground, protected by skylights...which leak. It's well set out to wander around with adequate interpretive signage. Free and worth a look.
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