In the Middle Ages, the island of Konevets (Konevitsa or Kononsaari in Finnish) was considered holy by the Finnish tribes who particularly revered a huge boulder in the shape of a horse's skull, weighing more than 750 tons. This boulder is known as Kon’-Kamen’ (literally, "Steed-Stone") and gives its name to the island.

The Konevsky monastery was founded around 1393 by St. Arseny Konevsky, who wished to convert pagan Karelians to Christianity. The location of the monastery was changed several times, in order to avert floods. The church of the Nativity of the Theotokos was founded by St. Arseny in 1428; it was at this church that the monastery's main shrine was placed. It was a miraculous image of Mother of God, brought by St. Arseny from Mount Athos and representing Christ playing with a dove nestling, symbolizing spiritual purity.

Like the Valaam Monastery, the abbey at Konevets was known for its missionary activities. The Swedes captured the island during the Ingrian War, forcing the monks to retreat to Novgorod. Only after Russia retook the territory in the course of the Great Northern War they were allowed to reclaim their ancient possessions in Konevets. The revived cloister depended upon Novgorod until 1760, when it was officially recognized as a separate monastic establishment.

In 1812, after the Finnish War the monastery administratively became part of the newly formed Grand Duchy of Finland, along with the rest of "Old Finland". The golden age of the monastery came with the 19th century, when its fame spread to the imperial capital and the island was visited by eminent visitors from Saint Petersburg, including Alexandre Dumas and Fyodor Tyutchev. A 1873 essay by Nikolai Leskov describes his impressions from the monastery.

As a consequence of its high profile, the monastic community could fund extensive building projects, starting with the construction of a new cathedral in 1800–09. This huge two-storey eight-pillared building was designed by a local starets. It is surmounted by five octagonal drums bearing five blue bud-shaped domes. The same style is applied to the three-storey belltower (1810–12), rising to the height of 35 meters. Several other churches, a quay and an inn were added in the course of the century. Two sketae were set up to mark the ancient locations of the monastery.

After the Russian Revolution of 1917, the monastery passed to the newly independent Finland, and came under the jurisdiction of the autonomous Finnish Orthodox Church under the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople. The island was fortified by the Finnish military, and the inn was expropriated to house a regiment staff. During the Winter War and Continuation War the monastery buildings were damaged. On 13 March 1940 the Winter War ended. The previous day the monks had been evacuated to the interior of Finland, taking the holy icon with them, but leaving the iconostasis, church bells, and the library. Another personal possession of St. Arseny, the Konevsky Psalter, dated to the 14th century, was sent to the Russian National Library. In 1940, the monks bought an estate named Hiekka (‘Sands’) from the Saastamoinen company in Keitele, and the monastery continued to function there until 1956.

The monks returned for a brief period during the Continuation War, but withdrew on 19 June 1944, ten days after the Soviet Union began the Offensive on the Karelian Isthmus, even though the Soviet troops never conquered the island or the adjacent shoreline on the isthmus. These areas were ceded to the Soviet Union after the 1994 Moscow Armistice of September 19, 1944. In 1956 the monks joined the New Valamo Monastery in Heinävesi.

During the Soviet period, the monastery housed a military unit. In 1990 it became one of the first monasteries in the region to be revived by the Russian Orthodox Church. In November 1991, the brethren announced the discovery of St. Arseny's relics, that apparently had been hidden from the Swedes in 1573. By 2004, the Konevsky Monastery, which hosts a large number of tourists and pilgrims, had been mostly restored.

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Founded: ca. 1393
Category: Religious sites in Russia

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en.wikipedia.org

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Тамара Дементьева (2 months ago)
Great, but still under construction. However, it is necessary to come to enjoy the beauty of the island at least with an overnight stay. While you can get to the island by private 2 boats or with an excursion. Private is good because you can agree to be picked up at a time convenient for you, but no later than 18-30. So said Sergey, one of the private traders with whom we were crossing - (not a friendly enough and rude comrade). The cost is 500 rubles. One way per person + 400 rubles of the type of donation on the island is also per person. On the island 2 hotels - white and red - seem to be already functioning?. There is also a cafe. The monastery is handsome?. The area is well-groomed and continues to improve. Huge pier. There is also a huge hotel on the mainland, but not yet open as well as the port itself. Gas station with a good full-fledged cafe and parking. The road to the pier is quite good - Vladimirskaya Bay.
Andrei Filippov (2 months ago)
This is lovely. Icon painting is great. The best impression.
Ольга Фед (3 months ago)
Замечательный монастырь! Все так ухожено, красиво, сразу видно, что с любовью относятся к нему! А какая красивая природа!!!!!!
Наталия Хрипунова (3 months ago)
Остров прекрасный. Роснефть постаралась. Набережная такая! Монастырь сам отремонтирован по полной программе. Приехать просто так не уверена,что можно. Сама была в составе экскурсии. Место удивительное. И по природе и почувству необыкновенного чего то. Была бы возможность,приехала бы сюда снова. Люди,которые ведут экскурсии сами относятся к этому месту,как к святому.
Валерий Аванесов (4 months ago)
The feeling is painful. It seems that everything is civilized: the church buildings have been repaired, the paths are paved, the grass has been mown, but when I saw the overgrown, knocked-out memorial in honor of the Great Patriotic War, everything in my soul turned upside down. It turns out that the memory of the Great War is not sacred for the monks. How such people can serve God is anyone's guess. They just work as consumer monks. It would be better for the money spent on such a monastery to build 100 schools. It's just a shame.
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