Bergpark Wilhelmshöhe

Bad Wilhelmshöhe, Germany

Bergpark Wilhelmshöhe is a unique landscape park in Kassel. The area of the park is 2.4 square kilometres, making it the largest European hillside park, and second largest park on a mountain slope in the world. Descending a long hill dominated by a giant statue of Hercules, the monumental water displays of Wilhelmshöhe were begun by Landgrave Carl of Hesse-Kassel in 1689 around an east-west axis and were developed further into the 19th century. Reservoirs and channels behind the Hercules Monument supply water to a complex system of hydro-pneumatic devices that supply the site’s large Baroque water theatre, grotto, fountains and 350-metre long Grand Cascade. Beyond this, channels and waterways wind across the axis, feeding a series of dramatic waterfalls and wild rapids, the geyser-like Grand Fountain which leaps 50m high, the lake and secluded ponds that enliven the Romantic garden created in the 18th century by Carl’s great-grandson, Elector Wilhelm I. The great size of the park and its waterworks along with the towering Hercules statue constitute an expression of the ideals of absolutist Monarchy while the ensemble is a remarkable testimony to the aesthetics of the Baroque and Romantic periods.

Schloss Wilhelmshöhe was damaged by Allied bombs in World War II. From 1968 to 1974, it was rebuilt as an art museum. It houses a wallpaper collection, a collection of Graeco-Roman antiques, and a gallery of Old Masters paintings. The collection focuses on the 16th and 17th century, containing masterpieces by German, Italian, French and Spanish painters. It comprises the second-largest collection of Rembrandts in Germany. Rembrandt's famous 'Saskia' and 'The Man with the Slouch Hat' by Frans Hals are among them.

On 23 June 2013 Wilhelmshöhe was proclaimed as a World Heritage Site during the UNESCO meeting in Phnom Penh.

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Details

Founded: 1689
Category:
Historical period: Thirty Years War & Rise of Prussia (Germany)

Rating

4.7/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Vinicius “Vini” Andriolo (11 months ago)
Very nice place for a stroll. I've been there in autumm/fall and the views were very beautiful, the castle, the maze, the waterfall, all very pleasant to the eyes and a good spot for photos.
Pauline Depière (12 months ago)
Large well planned park that allows for long walks and a drink afterwards. The baroque buildings lend an extra reason to walk around.
Keshav Gulati (12 months ago)
Its one of the best park to visit in Lower Saxony. It offers a variety of attractions from lakes , bridges, castle and much more. It is suitable for morning walks and hiking with family or friends. Either way you can enjoy the beauty of this nature which this park has to offer.
Henk Doornbos (12 months ago)
Picturesque park and buildings. Ideal place for a cal walk. All routes very much accessible. We walked with a stroller.
Team Adcor (15 months ago)
Majestic park with many century old trees. The buildings hold a large collection of historical artwork, facts and displays. Lots of benches and footpaths. Waterfalls and a terrace snack/restaurant
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