Etruscan Oppidum at Monte Castello

Marciana, Italy

Monte Castello oppidum, like other Etruscan habitats of the island, controlled the ancient ironworks, was strategically located above a hilltop between Ligurian Sea to the north and the Tyrrhenian Sea to the south. It had a rectangular plan (30 x 60 m), consisting of overlapping blocks of local stone. The settlement, which was excavated in 1977, was inhabited since the first half of the 4th century BC. It was settled until about 250 BC, until the Roman conquest of the island of Elba. Among the recovered archaeological materials, now preserved at the Archaeological Museum of Marciana, there is a valuable terracotta head with a tapestry of Atelier des petites estampilles, the Ferrara T 585 skyphoi, Genucilia type plates, grain-bearing ores, Etruscan amphorae And Greek-Italic, truncopyramidic weights, fusaiole and webbing spools. Noteworthy is the presence of pavement in opus signinum.

References:
  • Silvestre Ferruzzi
  • Michelangelo Zecchini
  • Franco Cambi

Comments

Your name


Angelo Mazzei said 6 years ago
Amazing place


Details

Founded: 400 BC
Category: Cemeteries, mausoleums and burial places in Italy

More Information

it.m.wikipedia.org

Interesting Sites Nearby

User Reviews

Powered by Google

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Amphitheatre of the Three Gauls

The Amphitheatre of the Three Gauls was part of the federal sanctuary of the three Gauls dedicated to the cult of Rome and Augustus celebrated by the 60 Gallic tribes when they gathered at Lugdunum (Lyon). The amphitheatre was built at the foot of the La Croix-Rousse hill at what was then the confluence of the Rhône and Saône.

Excavations have revealed a basement of three elliptical walls linked by cross-walls and a channel surrounding the oval central arena. The arena was slightly sloped, with the building"s south part supported by a now-vanished vault. The arena"s dimensions are 67,6m by 42m. This phase of the amphitheatre housed games which accompanied the imperial cult, with its low capacity (1,800 seats) being enough for delegations from the 60 Gallic tribes.

The amphitheatre was expanded at the start of the 2nd century. Two galleries were added around the old amphitheatre, raising its width from 25 metres to 105 metres and its capacity to about 20,000 seats. In so doing it made it a building open to the whole population of Lugdunum and its environs.