Sieraków Castle

Sieraków, Poland

Sieraków Castle was built at the end of the 14th century on the initiative of the Nałęcz family. Maćko Borkowic, the Poznań voivode or his daughter Wichna, most probably began the process, and her grandson Wincenty continued it. In the middle of the 15th century Sieraków received Łukasz Górka coat of arms Łodzia, who rebuilt the castle. In 1571 it was taken over by the starost Jakub Rokossowski, and in 1591 Sieraków bought the castellan Jan of Bnin Opaliński, who raised the castle houses and converted them into a baroque residence. In 1763 castle and estate were bought by the baron Piotr Mikołaj Neugarten von Gartenberg, using the Polish name Sadogórski, and probably during his time demolition of the northern wing was carried, leaving only the southern wing. In 1829 in relation with the construction of a new road, the remains of the castle were demolished. Only the south wing survived. In 1991 it was decided to restore the remains of the castle and to put in it the tombs of the Opalinsk family. Construction work lasted two years. In the lack of the sources of the castle’s appearance, it was decided to reconstruct the southern range only.

The castle was east of the town and was separated from it by a moat. It stood on a regular, artificial mound. Its defenses was increased by  the river, surrounding from the south. The earliest phase is connected with the emergence of brick curtain walls with the gate from the east. From the south, a residential range, initially timber or half-timber framed, was located. In the 15th century a brick north range with a width of 8 meters was erected with characteristic corner buttreses. At the same time, or slightly later, a new southern building of similar dimensions was constructed. Another redevelopment introduced new partition walls and a shorter west range connector.

Today, in the rebuilt south range of the castle, there is a museum which expositions present the history of the Sieraków Region from the earliest to the present. Particular attention should be paid to the tombs of the Opalińsk family, discovered in 1991 in the crypt of the church of St. Bernard.



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Founded: 14th century
Category: Castles and fortifications in Poland

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Дмитро Шемена (4 months ago)
Кирпичный замок был построен в конце 14 века по инициативе семьи Наленчей, которая в то время была одной из самых влиятельных семей в Польше. Строительство, скорее всего, было начато Вичной и продолжено ее внуком Винсенти. Построенный в то время замок имел в плане четырехугольник с двумя параллельными флигелями, соединенными звеном с запада. В каждом из флигелей было по две камеры с печами и каминами. Подвалы имели сводчатые потолки, а нижние этажи - деревянные. Чердак использовался как амбар для хранения зерна. Ворота находились на восточной стороне. Во дворе замка имелся подвал. Все это было окружено рвом. В середине 15 века Серакув был передан Лукашу Гурке , гербу Лодзи , который перестроил южное крыло. В 1571 году замок перешел в руки старосты Якуба Рокоссовского. В 1591 году Сераков был куплен кастеляном Яном из Бнина Опалинским, который значительно перестроил его. Реконструкция в эпоху Опалинских заключалась в добавлении двух этажей к существующим готическим стенам и уменьшении площади двора. Корпус замка получил ренессансные фронтоны. Все интерьеры первого этажа сводчатые. Вокруг небольшого двора на первом этаже было деревянное крыльцо. В 1763 году замок и усадьбу купил барон Петр Миколай Нойгартен фон Гартенберг, носивший польскую фамилию Садогурский, и, вероятно, при нем разрушенное северное крыло было снесено, оставив только южное крыло. В 1829 году в связи со строительством новой дороги остатки замка были снесены. Только первый этаж южного крыла, который уцелел, был превращен в ледяной дом. В 1991 году, после извлечения саркофагов семьи Опалинских из склепа постбернардинского костела, было принято решение восстановить остатки замка и разместить в нем сохранившиеся гробы. Благодаря инициативе воеводы Познани доктора Влодзимежа Ленцкого этот проект был реализован в очень короткие сроки. В 1991 году команда, состоящая из д-ра хаб. Ян Скуратович и доктор Томаш Вуевски из Института истории искусств Университета Адам Мицкевич в Познани начал исследования. Строительно-изыскательские работы длились два года. Из-за отсутствия источников с появлением замка было решено лишь «восстановить» южный флигель, добавив сохранившиеся подвалы и накрыв здание высокой крышей, покрытой черепицей
Mark Gyk (5 months ago)
The museum is located in the southern wing of the former castle, rebuilt in the 1990s. There are, among others, unique in Europe sarcophagi of the Opaliński family - the owners of the castle, and exhibitions showing exhibitions of castle interiors and family mementoes. There are cyclical concerts of classical music, lectures, festivals, sessions of the city council and you can even get married. The central part of the castle is the Representative Hall, which resembles the former dining room. You can see portraits of family members, as well as a tiled stove, reconstructed from the original 18th-century tiles. In the Arch Room, mementoes of the former owners have been collected - documents, maps, graphics from the 18th and 19th centuries. In the museum's basement, in the tomb crypt, there are historic Opaliński sarcophagi, and in the attic, you can see temporary exhibitions. The history of the castle itself dates back to the 14th century, when the building was erected on the initiative of the Nałęcz family. At the turn of the century, successive owners rebuilt the building many times. In 1991, it was decided to restore the remains of the castle, and in 1995, the current museum was established.
M M (9 months ago)
The castle is a sensational background for the story of Mr. Guide, whose knowledge can be read as if from an encyclopedia. We appreciate your commitment and thank you again!
Ireneusz Piotr Pochowski (12 months ago)
A place with atmosphere, charm and friendly service, worth visiting.
Marek B (17 months ago)
Unique, historical gems on a large scale. The curator tells about them with passion. Worth seeing. The location of the castle on the dike and the panorama of the Warta River adds charm and allows you to fully relax. A few steps from the castle there is the Stallion Stallion with an interesting, historic town planning
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