Top Historic Sights in Villaviciosa, Spain

Explore the historic highlights of Villaviciosa

Iglesia de Santa María de la Oliva

Iglesia de Santa María de la Oliva is a 13th-century stone church in Villaviciosa. The stone Gothic church was completed in the Spanish Gothic style in the 1270s.
Founded: 13th century | Location: Villaviciosa, Spain

Church of San Salvador de Valdediós

The church of the Holy Savior of Valdediós (Iglesia de San Salvador de Valdediós) stands in the Boides valley (Villaviciosa), the place where Alfonso III of Asturias was detained when he was dispossessed by his sons, and where there used to be an old convent governed by the Benedictine Order, substituted in the 13th century by the Cistercians. The church known as the 'Bishops" Chapel' was consecrated ...
Founded: 893 AD | Location: Villaviciosa, Spain

Santa María de Valdediós Monastery

Monasterio de Santa María de Valdediós is a 13th-century Catholic monastery near Villaviciosa. The Cistercian monastery was founded by Alfonso IX and dedicated to the Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary. It was built by master builder Gualterio between 1218 and 1226, according to an inscription on the northern portal. Throughout its history, the monastery has had different uses, housing a secondary school and a sem ...
Founded: 1200-1226 | Location: Villaviciosa, Spain

Church of San Salvador de Priesca

Holy Saviour of Priesca (Iglesia de San Salvador de Priesca) is a pre-romanesque church, located in Priesca, next to Villaviciosa. Only a few kilometres from the Church of San Salvador de Valdediós, it is amongst the latest examples of Asturian architecture. With Alfonso III dead and the kingdom of Asturias divided among his sons, Asturian pre-romanesque architecture entered its last stage. Consecrated on September 24, ...
Founded: 921 AD | Location: Villaviciosa, Spain

San Andrés Church

San Andrés is a church in the parish of Bedriñana. It dates to the 9th century and was declared a national monument in 1931. The nave was built in the tenth century. Four of the original windows above the nave survive. Significant additional expansion occurred in the 12th-13th centuries and again in the 16th. In 1916, additional improvements were made to the building for use as a school.
Founded: 9th century AD | Location: Villaviciosa, Spain

Villaviciosa Castle

The Castle of Villaviciosa was built in two different stages. In the 15th century, Nuño González del Águila y Guzmán ordered to build a castle to control the passage from the Amblés Valley to the Sierra de la Paramera. In the 16th century, the execution of the Torre de las Damas was carried out. Currently, Villaviciosa Castle is a hotel.
Founded: 15th century | Location: Villaviciosa, Spain

Santa María Church

Iglesia de Santa María is a 13th-century romanesque church in the concejo of Villaviciosa. It is unusual in having preserved the fabric of an earlier construction dated between the 8th and 10th centuries.
Founded: 13th century | Location: Villaviciosa, Spain

San Salvador Church

Iglesia de San Salvador is a Romanesque-style church located in the town of Fuentes, Villaviciosa. The church of San Salvador is documented in 1021 (via an inscription) as due to the patronate of Diego Perez, and consecrated by Bishop Adaganeo I. The church appears to have been built in the 12th-century. The diocese of Villaviciosa is mentioned in 1385 by the bishop of Oviedo, Gutierre de Toledo. The temple is mentioned i ...
Founded: 12th century | Location: Villaviciosa, Spain

Church of Santa Eulalia de la Lloraza

Church of Santa Eulalia de la Lloraza is a Romanesque-style church in the municipality of Villaviciosa. The origins of the church are not clear, although the origin of the church may be the endowment by a leper who traveled the Camino de Santiago route which passed through the area. The church may have been funded initially by an offering of Queen Berengaria of Castile, wife of King Alfonso IX of León. The present chu ...
Founded: 13th century | Location: Villaviciosa, Spain

Church of Santa María de Sariegomuerto

The Church of Santa María de Sariegomuerto is a Romanesque-style church in the municipality of Villaviciosa. The church appears to date originally from the 12th to 13th centuries; it appears to be mentioned in documents in 921, linked to grants by Ordoño II to the Oviedo Cathedral. The church has undergone a number of refurbishments along the centuries. The church was rebuilt after arson during the Spanish civil war.
Founded: 12th century | Location: Villaviciosa, Spain

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Kirkjubøargarður

Kirkjubøargarður ('Yard of Kirkjubøur', also known as King"s Farm) is one of the oldest still inhabited wooden houses of the world. The farm itself has always been the largest in the Faroe Islands. The old farmhouse dates back to the 11th century. It was the episcopal residence and seminary of the Diocese of the Faroe Islands, from about 1100. Sverre I of Norway (1151–1202), grew up here and went to the priest school. The legend says, that the wood for the block houses came as driftwood from Norway and was accurately bundled and numbered, just for being set up. Note, that there is no forest in the Faroes and wood is a very valuable material. Many such wood legends are thus to be found in Faroese history.

The oldest part is a so-called roykstova (reek parlour, or smoke room). Perhaps it was moved one day, because it does not fit to its foundation. Another ancient room is the loftstovan (loft room). It is supposed that Bishop Erlendur wrote the 'Sheep Letter' here in 1298. This is the earliest document of the Faroes we know today. It is the statute concerning sheep breeding on the Faroes. Today the room is the farm"s library. The stórastovan (large room) is from a much later date, being built in 1772.

Though the farmhouse is a museum, the 17th generation of the Patursson Family, which has occupied it since 1550, is still living here. Shortly after the Reformation in the Faroe Islands in 1538, all the real estate of the Catholic Church was seized by the King of Denmark. This was about half of the land in the Faroes, and since then called King"s Land (kongsjørð). The largest piece of King"s Land was the farm in Kirkjubøur due to the above-mentioned Episcopal residence. This land is today owned by the Faroese government, and the Paturssons are tenants from generation to generation. It is always the oldest son, who becomes King"s Farmer, and in contrast to the privately owned land, the King"s Land is never divided between the sons.

The farm holds sheep, cattle and some horses. It is possible to get a coffee here and buy fresh mutton and beef directly from the farmer. In the winter season there is also hare hunting for the locals. Groups can rent the roykstovan for festivities and will be served original Faroese cuisine.

Other famous buildings directly by the farmhouse are the Magnus Cathedral and the Saint Olav"s Church, which also date back to the mediaeval period. All three together represent the Faroe Island"s most interesting historical site.