Top Historic Sights in Askersund, Sweden

Explore the historic highlights of Askersund

Askersund Country Church

The country church of Askersund was built between 1664-1670 to the site of medieval church, which was destroyed by fire in 1661. The present church is designed by Jean de la Vallée ja Eric Dahlbergh. The font originates from the Middle Ages and the Baroque-style pulpit was made in 1600s.
Founded: 1664-1670 | Location: Askersund, Sweden

Stjärnsund castle

The beautifully situated Stjärnsund Manor and estate lies on the point where Alsen joins Lake Vättern. The present building was built between 1798-1801. The interior furnishings, curtains, carpets, chandeliers and mirrors together form one of the best preserved interiors from the mid 19th centry in Sweden. The décor originates from Prince Gustav, "The Singing Prince". The manor of Strjänsund was est ...
Founded: 1798-1801 | Location: Askersund, Sweden

Sofia Magdalena Church

Sofia Magdalena Church was built in 1780 to replace the previous one destroyed by fire in 1776. The design was made by Carl Fredrik Adelcrantz and the construction was donated by several individuals in Stockholm and Gothenburg. The altarpiece was painted by J. Z. Blackstadius in 1868.
Founded: 1780 | Location: Askersund, Sweden

Trehörning Blast Furnace

The blast furnace of Trehörning was built originally in 1636. In 1648 Louis De Geer acquired the site and affiliated it to Godegård Ironworks. The factory belonged to Godegård until 1888, when it was sold and ran down in 1889. The main restorations were made in 1932 and 1969. The original buildings are well-preserved.
Founded: 1636 | Location: Askersund, Sweden

St. Bridget's Church

The church of Olshammar is named after Saint Bridget of Sweden (Birgitta), whose husband, Ulf Gudmarsson, owned Olshammar in the 1320s. Olshammar was then a major estate and brickworks. According to tradition, Birgitta built a chapel where today the church is situated. The church was built in 1620 by Eric Hand, a grandchild of king Erik XIV. The glass paintings in the form of coat of arms and manufactured in Riga, depict ...
Founded: 1620 | Location: Askersund, Sweden

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Porta Nigra

The Porta Nigra (Latin for black gate) is the largest Roman city gate north of the Alps. It is designated as part of the Roman Monuments, Cathedral of St. Peter and Church of Our Lady in Trier UNESCO World Heritage Site. The name Porta Nigra originated in the Middle Ages due to the darkened colour of its stone; the original Roman name has not been preserved. Locals commonly refer to the Porta Nigra simply as Porta.

The Porta Nigra was built in grey sandstone between 186 and 200 AD. The original gate consisted of two four-storied towers, projecting as near semicircles on the outer side. A narrow courtyard separated the two gate openings on either side. For unknown reasons, however, the construction of the gate remained unfinished. For example, the stones at the northern (outer) side of the gate were never abraded, and the protruding stones would have made it impossible to install movable gates. Nonetheless, the gate was used for several centuries until the end of the Roman era in Trier.

In Roman times, the Porta Nigra was part of a system of four city gates, one of which stood at each side of the roughly rectangular Roman city. The Porta Nigra guarded the northern entry to the Roman city, while the Porta Alba (White Gate) was built in the east, the Porta Media (Middle Gate) in the south, and the Porta Inclyta (Famous Gate) in the west, next to the Roman bridge across the Moselle. The gates stood at the ends of the two main streets of the Roman Trier, one of which led north-south and the other east-west. Of these gates, only the Porta Nigra still exists today.

In the early Middle Ages the Roman city gates were no longer used for their original function and their stones were taken and reused for other buildings. Also iron and lead braces were broken out of the walls of the Porta Nigra for reuse. Traces of this destruction are still clearly visible on the north side of the gate.

After 1028, the Greek monk Simeon lived as a hermit in the ruins of the Porta Nigra. After his death (1035) and sanctification, the Simeonstift monastery was built next to the Porta Nigra to honor him. Saving it from further destruction, the Porta Nigra was transformed into a church: The inner court of the gate was roofed and intermediate ceilings were inserted. The two middle storeys of the former gate were converted into church naves: the upper storey being for the monks and the lower storey for the general public. The ground floor with the large gates was sealed, and a large outside staircase was constructed alongside the south side (the town side) of the gate, up to the lower storey of the church. A small staircase led further up to the upper storey. The church rooms were accessible through former windows of the western tower of the Porta Nigra that were enlarged to become entrance doors (still visible today). The top floor of the western tower was used as church tower, the eastern tower was leveled, and an apse added at its east side. An additional gate - the much smaller Simeon Gate - was built adjacent to the East side of the Porta Nigra and served as a city gate in medieval times.

In 1802 Napoleon Bonaparte dissolved the church in the Porta Nigra and the monastery beside it, along with the vast majority of Trier"s numerous churches and monasteries. On his visit to Trier in 1804, Napoleon ordered that the Porta Nigra be converted back to its Roman form. Only the apse was kept; but the eastern tower was not rebuilt to its original height. Local legend has it that Napoleon originally wanted to completely tear down the church, but locals convinced him that the church had actually been a Gaulish festival hall before being turned into a church. Another version of the story is that they told him about its Roman origins, persuading him to convert the gate back to its original form.

In 1986 the Porta Nigra was designated a World Heritage Site, along with other Roman monuments in Trier and its surroundings. The modern appearance of the Porta Nigra goes back almost unchanged to the reconstruction ordered by Napoleon. At the south side of the Porta Nigra, remains of Roman columns line the last 100 m of the street leading to the gate. Positioned where they had stood in Roman times, they give a slight impression of the aspect of the original Roman street that was lined with colonnades. The Porta Nigra, including the upper floors, is open to visitors.