Prehistoric and archaeological sites in Belgium

Neptune Roman Tower

At the end of the 3rd century Arlon was fortified with the construction of ramparts. This castrum was 800 metres in circumference with walls that were 4 metres thick and 8 metres high with two gateways and around 20 watch towers. The Neptune tower was identical to the Jupiter tower recently discovered near to the Town Hall. The small museum consists of remains of the tower which were discovered during archaeological exca ...
Founded: 200-300 AD | Location: Arlon, Belgium

Mageroy Gallo-Roman Villa

Mageroy is considered as one of the major Gallo Roman sites in Belgium. The ongoing excavations have revealed a 3 hectares agriculture complex, enclosed by a perimeter wall as well as the largest basin found North of Gaul. The main building was built in the early 2nd century AD and it was in use until the end of the 3rd century.
Founded: 2nd century AD | Location: Habay, Belgium

Tregnes Gallo-Roman Villa

The Gallo-Roman villa near Tregnes was in use from first to fourth centuries AD. It was surrounded by outbuildings, covering a surface area slightly over 6 hectares. This vast construction, whose ruins have been restored, has a very well preserved large bath installation, cellar and drainage system. Explanatory panels in three languages.
Founded: 1st century AD | Location: Viroinval, Belgium

Wéris Megalithic Field

Wéris village well known for its megaliths, including dolmens and menhirs. There is a 'Museum of Megaliths' in the centre of the village. Listed as an exceptional heritage site of Wallonia, The North Dolmen of Wéris is part of a megalithic field stretching about 8 km long and 300 m wide. In the current state of research, this megalithic field consists of two covered walkway dolmens with associated ...
Founded: 3000 BC | Location: Wéris, Belgium

Neolithic Flint Mines of Spiennes

The Neolithic flint mines of Spiennes are among the largest and earliest Neolithic flint mines of north-western Europe, located close to Walloon village of Spiennes. The mines were active during the mid and late Neolithic (4300–2200 BC). The mines occupy two chalk plateaux located to the south-east of the city of Mons. They cover an area essentially devoted to agriculture. The site appears on the surface as a large ...
Founded: 4300–2200 BC | Location: Spiennes, Belgium

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Petersberg Citadel

The Petersberg Citadel is one of the largest extant early-modern citadels in Europe and covers the whole north-western part of the Erfurt city centre. It was built after 1665 on Petersberg hill and was in military use until 1963. It dates from a time when Erfurt was ruled by the Electors of Mainz and is a unique example of the European style of fortress construction. Beneath the citadel is an underground maze of passageways that can be visited on guided tours organised by Erfurt Tourist Office.

The citadel was originally built on the site of a medieval Benedictine Monastery and the earliest parts of the complex date from the 12th century. Erfurt has also been ruled by Sweden, Prussia, Napoleon, the German Empire, the Nazis, and post-World War II Soviet occupying forces, and it was part of the German Democratic Republic (East Germany). All of these regimes used Petersberg Citadel and had an influence on its development. The baroque fortress was in military use until 1963. Since German reunification in 1990, the citadel has undergone significant restoration and it is now open to the public as a historic site.