St. Nicholas Fortress

Šibenik, Croatia

St. Nicholas' Fortress was built on the left side at the entrance to St. Anthony Channel, on the island called Ljuljevac. The island is situated at the entrance to the Šibenik channel across the Jadrija beach lighthouse. St. Nicholas' Fortress got its name from the Benedictine Monastery of St. Nicholas, which was originally on the island, but due to the construction of the fortress, it had to be demolished. At the request of domestic Croat population of Šibenik, the Venetian captain Alojzije de Canal decided to build a fort on the island of Ljuljevac in 1525. The fortress was designed and built by the famous Venetian architect and builder Hyeronimus di San Michaela. It was built by in the 16th century to prevent Turkish boats from reaching the port. St. Nicholas' Fortress was armed with 32 cannons. However, its imposing appearance and size were a bigger threat to the enemy than cannons ever were.

The fortress is one of the most valuable and best preserved examples of defense architecture in Dalmatia. It is made of brick because that material was considered to be most resistant to cannonballs, while the foundations are made of stone. Although defense capabilities of the fortress have never been tested in military operations, the structure still proved successful in protecting the city from sea-bound enemy attacks. During the centuries of use, the structure served to various armies and has undergone a number of renovations, some of them necessary only because of the development of arms. It was completely abandoned by the military in 1979 and has been undergoing renovation ever since.

St. Nicholas' Fortress was included in UNESCO's World Heritage Site list as part of 'Venetian Works of Defence between 15th and 17th centuries' in 2017. After reconstruction work that lasted for two years, the fortress was open to visitors in July 2019.

References:

Comments

Your name



Details

Founded: 1525
Category: Castles and fortifications in Croatia

Rating

4.6/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Oisin Wallace (12 months ago)
I don't usually recommend some of the big tourists spots like this but it was really interesting, definitely do the tour from Sibenik, it was a self guided tour with AR and games and everything.
Lucas Berger (13 months ago)
It‘s a nice walk to go there, however the access to the fortress is locked when coming from land. You can only visit it when you join a boat tour. Kinda surprising. On the small island in front of the fortress there are a couple of military bunkers - watch your step! Some staircases are not covered or secured and you can fall easily 3 meters if you don’t watch out (especially noteworthy when you go there with kids).
Stana Eckhardt (13 months ago)
Lost of birds. Easy to follow tour guide, S̴̡̨̧̢̛̛̛̻͙̥͎̦̙̫̰̬̮͎̤͓͕̜̞̟̤͎̯̩̰̦̭̳͖̩̪̺̳̪̹̺͖̞͍̠̗̰͖͚̹̲̦̐̈́͗͌̓̍̌̆͌̀̀̌͗̏̑̐̆̉̄̓̀͋͒͐̌͂̾̆́͊̈́̄̿̈̓̑̔̏̎͂̂̊̈̇́̀̔̾̉̂̈́̀̃̽̀̄̏̍̽̓̉̈́͑͛̈́̋̀̓̈̎̕̚̕̕͘̕̕͘͜͜͜͝͠͝͝ͅͅn̴̨̢̡̛̛̛̲͔̮̜̠̻̹̻͍̮̺̤̦͈̳͍̠͈͉̬̩̜͓͙̳͎̟͎͎͎̤͉̙̼͔̥͓̼̗̺̗͊̾̏̈́̆̏̾͆̓͆͑͗̒͌͌̌̿̄̇̀͊̌̃̍͌̀̈̃̋̾͂̓̀͗̊͐̈́͛͋̃͊̿͑̐̿͗̈́̀̉̅͛̍̑̈́̌͗̃͑̔̏̏͗͒̽̈̏̀̂̇́́͋̋͆͗̆͑͑̌̌̚̕͘̕͜͜͝͝͝͠ͅa̴̡̨̨̧̨̧̧̧̢̧̧̧̡̨̼̯̞̳̻̳̘̫̝̱̮̼̹̻͇̞̞̪͉̦̺̞̞̰͓̥̙̳͍̗͕̖̻̝̝̥̯͕͉̙̘̪͙̠̳̲̗͕͓̯͙͍̭̟͕̥̺̫̮̳͖̩̝͈̥̲̙̮̦̹͕̰̼͎̭͍͓̯̰̞̺̝͈̝̟͔̥͎̿̈́̊̈́̎̏́̈́̒́̇̈́̔͗͋̿̃̓̃̅̈̄̽̉̈́͌̈́͘͘̚͜͜͝͝͝͝͝͠͝ͅͅͅi̶͎͇͇̳̞̭̦̙͔̰̩̻̟̻̭̟̭͍̞̩̠̲͎̬̭̬̼̟̽̂̂̀͆̂̅͗̅̉͊̽̍̒̀̄̈́͒̅͌̓̏̏̂̋̍̍̔̂͐̓̂̅̃́́̐͗̿̎͛͐̉̾̇̔̔̾̊́͋̉̊̅̍͑̆̓͛̃̊̇͗̏͑̈́̑͗̌̔̊͗͑͗͒̾̓̏̈́͗̾̅͌̈͗͘̚̕̚̚̕̕̚̚̚̚͘̕͝͝͝͠d̵̨̢̧̨̢̦̯̫̻̰̬̙̭͙̘̝͈̫̪̟̟̠͕̼̣̺̖͚̠̜̦͙̟͈̬̗̜̯̩̻̤̙̬̟̗͍͉̪̲͔̣͓͔͓͍͚̻̗̘̺̙̳͙͂̎̈́̈̀̇̉̈́̈́́̂̌̔͑̄͛̇́̇̌̅̃̇̆͂̓̈́̆̏̋̇͐̒̑͊́̾̈́̅̇̀̔̌́̈́̃͑̐̎͂́͒́̏̌̂̊̿͋̍̍̇́̀̀̍̀́͗̆̈̐̚͘̚̕̕͘͘̚͜͠͝͝͝ͅs̶̡̨̡̧̡̢͈̬̪̲͔͇͇̱̖̮̳̹̹͚̯̯̳͓̳̳̩͔̩̠͔̖̯̪̟̫̻̗̣̗͚͔̮̮͇̮̥͎̙̩̠̹̘̘̹̝͇͕̫̬̻͈͓̱̮̻̱͖̖̰͍̰̙̪̖̖̜͕̻͕̥͈͉̫̤̠̤͎̬̬͊̒͗̾̾̊̎̈́̀̎͛̅̉̂́̐͛̂͂̒͋͌̒̈́́̀̓̓̃́́̈́͑̽̀̎́̂͌̎̈͋̂̀̋̐̿̀͂̅̂̾̄̃̍̀̒̏̾͋̈́̅̌́̒̏̽̿́̋̑͆̉̓͋͆̕̕̚̚̕͜͜͝͝͝ͅͅͅͅͅ can go with guide or roam the caste freely with tablet. Games and history fun for kids
Adam Bašić (13 months ago)
After 20 years of coming here for free today I found out its closed for general public. Only way to come here is by organized tour. No mooring also! No way to buy a tickets on site! And personnel there was way to unprofessional and rude. Sad day for locals and for tourist. Ain't gona visit it ever again.
Martina Molnar (14 months ago)
Great place to visit for a short outing. To get to the fortress you have to walk through the small forest/park that has old war bunkers from ex Yugoslavia. Beaches are kinda inconvenient so I wouldn't recommend spending more than few hours over there. Great place for taking photos and sunset is amazing over there.
Powered by Google

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Seaplane Harbour Museum

The Seaplane Harbour is the newest and one of the most exciting museums in Tallinn. It tells stories about the Estonian maritime and military history. The museum’s display, that comprises of more than a couple of hundred large exhibits, revitalizes the colourful history of Estonia.

British built submarine Lembit weighing 600 tones is the centrepiece of the new museum. Built in 1936 for the Estonian navy, Lembit served in the World War II under the Soviet flag. It remained in service for 75 years being the oldest submarine in the World still in use until it was hauled ashore in 2011. Despite its long history, Lembit is still in an excellent condition offering a glimpse of the 1930s art of technology.

Another exciting attraction is a full-scale replica of Short Type 184, a British pre-World War II seaplane, which was also used by the Estonian armed forces. Short Type 184 has earned its place in military history by being the first aircraft ever to attack an enemy’s ship with an air-launched torpedo. Since none of the original seaplanes have survived, the replica in Seaplane Harbour is the only full-size representation of the aircraft in the whole World.

Simulators mimicking a flight above Tallinn, around-the-world journey in the yellow submarine, navigating on the Tallinn bay make this museum heaven for kids or adventurous adults.

Seaplane Harbour operates in architecturally unique hangars built almost a century ago, in 1916 and 1917, as a part of Peter the Great sea fortress. These hangars are the World’s first reinforced concrete shell structures of such a great size. Charles Lindbergh, the man who performed the first solo flight across the Atlantic Ocean, landed here in 1930s.

On the outdoor area visitors can tour a collection of historic ships, including the Suur Tõll, Europe's largest steam-powered icebreaker.