Burnum was a Roman Legion camp and town. It is located 2.5 km north of Kistanje. The remains include a praetorium, the foundations of several rooms, the amphitheatre and the aqueduct.

It is assumed that Burnum originates from the year 33 BC, but it is more likely that it was established a few decades later. Several Roman legions were located there in succession, and the first one was Legio XX Valeria Victrix from the beginning of the Pannonian uprising (Bellum Batonianum) in AD 6-9. The reason for its location was the need for the control of traffic around the Krka River. Building was initiated by the Roman governor for Dalmatia Publius Cornelius Dolabella and continued by the Emperor Claudius.

The camp gained its final shape during the reign of Claudius around 50 AD. Legio XI Claudia Pia Fidelis left the camp some time between AD 42 and 67, probably AD 56-57 and was succeeded by Legio IIII Flavia Felix.

According to some sources, a rebellion of Lucius Arruntius Camillus Scribonianus against the emperor Claudius in AD 42 was started at this camp as well. After the last Roman legions had left the camp, it developed into an urban settlement.

The camp was completely destroyed when the emperor Justinian attempted to take it back from the Ostrogoths in the 6th century.

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D59, Kistanje, Croatia
See all sites in Kistanje

Details

Founded: 1st century BCE
Category: Prehistoric and archaeological sites in Croatia

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4.5/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Šafarek Film (3 years ago)
Just several hundred meters from the Manojlovac Waterfall stands a gem of ancient history: the Roman military camp Burnum. It was erected at the turn of the new era, at a position that allowed for control of the passage across the Krka River. Visitors can view the arches of the command building in the camp, the only military amphitheater in Croatia (near the village of Ivoševci) and several walls of the military exercises area. It is easy to get there with the car. Read more: https://explore-croatia.net/guide-to-the-krka-river-national-park Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZSqXUJPb-4k&feature=emb_title
Igor Bertoncelj (3 years ago)
The two towering arches standing firm and making a mark in the test of time. Dating back to 1 AD, from a Roman Legion fort Burnum. If you are visiting the Krka national park you might as well make a stop here for a moment in ancient history
Vedrana Bušić (3 years ago)
Perfect for history buffs
Jamie Hay (4 years ago)
I'm going to be the odd one out and say these ruins really aren't up to much. There is a heavily reconstructed amphitheatre and the remains of something with arches sitting in a field unexplained. Its worth stopping for a quick look but I definitely wouldn't go out of my way to visit.
YeapGuy (5 years ago)
Not much to see and no guide to tell you historical information. Waste of money.
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