San Vito Lo Capo Lighthouse

San Vito Lo Capo, Italy

San Vito Lo Capo Lighthouse was built in 1859 under the period of the House of Bourbon who ruled the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies. The lighthouse consists of a white cylindrical tower, 38 metres high, with balcony and lantern, attached to the front seaside 1-storey white masonry keeper's house. The lantern, painted in grey metallic, is positioned at 45 metres above sea level and emits one white flash in a 5 seconds period, visible up to a distance of 19 nautical miles. Another light positioned at 12.5 metres emits a red flash on and off in a 4 seconds period. The lighthouse is completely automated.



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Founded: 1859
Category: Miscellaneous historic sites in Italy

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Goryokaku Fortress

Goryōkaku (五稜郭) (literally, 'five-point fort') is a star fort in the Japanese city of Hakodate on the island of Hokkaido. The fortress was completed in 1866. It was the main fortress of the short-lived Republic of Ezo.

Goryōkaku was designed in 1855 by Takeda Ayasaburō and Jules Brunet. Their plans was based on the work of the French architect Vauban. The fortress was completed in 1866, two years before the collapse of the Tokugawa Shogunate. It is shaped like a five-pointed star. This allowed for greater numbers of gun emplacements on its walls than a traditional Japanese fortress, and reduced the number of blind spots where a cannon could not fire.

The fort was built by the Tokugawa shogunate to protect the Tsugaru Strait against a possible invasion by the Meiji government.

Goryōkaku is famous as the site of the last battle of the Boshin War.