Inowłódz Castle was built by king Casimir the Great in 1356-1366. Its function was to protect the customs chamber located on the Pilica ford, lying on the trade route running from Lwów, through Sandomierz to Toruń. Inowłódz and his ford were of strategic importance, cutting in between Mazovia and Lesser Poland.
The first recorded castle castellan was Piotr Tłuk from Strykowie family. At the end of the fourteenth century, the castle belonged to the Niemirowie family, however, Władysław Jagiełło bought it and due to its important location, restored to royal property. In connection with the deterioration of relations with prince Siemowit IV, the king predicted a threat from Mazovia and wanted to have an important, border stronghold. At the turn of the 14th and 15th centuries, he visited Inowłódz many times, presumably controlling the castle’s repairs and its reconstruction. The interior development was considerably expanded, perhaps to increase the larger crew.
In 1515, the castle was bought by Adam Drzewicki, a representative of a wealthy Polish noble family, and in the mid-seventeenth century, the Lipski family became its owner. In times of Drzewickis, after 1563, the second significant reconstruction of the castle was carried out, caused by the fire that destroyed the building. As a result of the Polish-Swedish war in 1655-1657, the castle was destroyed and gradually fell into ruin.References:
Easter Aquhorthies stone circle, located near Inverurie, is one of the best-preserved examples of a recumbent stone circle, and one of the few that still have their full complement of stones. It consists of a ring of nine stones, eight of which are grey granite and one red jasper. Two more grey granite stones flank a recumbent of red granite flecked with crystals and lines of quartz. The circle is particularly notable for its builders' use of polychromy in the stones, with the reddish ones situated on the SSW side and the grey ones opposite.
The placename Aquhorthies derives from a Scottish Gaelic word meaning 'field of prayer', and may indicate a 'long continuity of sanctity' between the Stone or Bronze Age circle builders and their much later Gaelic successors millennia later. The circle's surroundings were landscaped in the late 19th century, and it sits within a small fenced and walled enclosure. A stone dyke, known as a roundel, was built around the circle some time between 1847 and 1866–7.