Hospitaller Commandery of Saint-Jean-d'Acre

Acre, Israel

The commandery of Saint-Jean-d'Acre is a monumental complex founded by the Hospitallers. From the first years of the establishment of the Crusaders in the city, the Hospitallers received donated properties. In 1110, King Baldwin granted the permission to them to keep the buildings located to the north of the Sainte-Croix church. In the years 1130, the buildings were damaged during works near the church and the Hospitallers decided to move near the 12th century north wall of the city. This is the actual place of the commandery.

In 1149, the first testimony of the commandery is in a document concerning the construction of the Saint-Jean church. In 1169, a pilgrim described the commandery of the Hospitallers of Acre as a very impressive fortified building.

After the defeat of Hattin in 1187, Saladin took the city. In 1191, during the third Crusade, the Frankish reconquer Acre after its siege. The Hospitallers moved back in their buildings. Jerusalem is no longer in the hands of the crusaders. And so the commandery becomes the new headquarters of the order. A new construction campaign took place between the end of 12th century and 13th century with new wings and additional floors.

Architecture

The courtyard has an area of 1200 m2 and is surrounded by a series of arcades. On the east side, a staircase leads to the upper parts. A well with a depth of 4.5 m is located near the north side and two shallow pools are next to this well. On the south side a pool with a depth of 1.5 m and another well were built.

The north wing was built along the north wall. There are ten vaulted rooms ten meters high built during the Frankish era. The exterior wall is massive with a thickness of 3.5 m. Later to the west, two new rooms will complete this building. In the south wall, there are windows that overlook a narrow passage and the wall of the pillar room. The entrance of the building is in the south side wall.

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Address

El Jazzar Street 9, Acre, Israel
See all sites in Acre

Details

Founded: 1110
Category: Castles and fortifications in Israel

More Information

en.wikipedia.org

Rating

4.6/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Mônica Guia de Turismo Portugues (3 years ago)
Visit the Hospitaller Compound and Courtyard
Mônica Israel (3 years ago)
Visit the Hospitaller Compound and Courtyard
GuyZa (3 years ago)
A must when in acre , the history unfolds vividly, many attraction to suit all ages , a must
Amit Shaham (3 years ago)
A must with kids! Do the knight's halls
Eli Birg (3 years ago)
Very nice place. Full of energy.
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