The Castillo de los Moros was built in the 18th century in what is now the Santa Lucía neighborhood. The castle is located on the hill of the Moors, from which it takes its name, and which, prior to its fortification, had proven to be a strategic position for the defense of the square, when during the war of the Spanish succession it was used by the Philippian artillery of the Duke of Berwick to end the Austracist resistance of the Castle of Concepción (1706).
The construction was designed by the Mirobrigense military engineer Juan Martín Cermeño in the context of the process of improvement of military structures in Cartagena in the reign of Carlos III , and that was motivated by the appointment in 1726 of the city as capital of the Mediterranean Maritime Department. The works were finally directed by the Croatian Mateo Vodopich between the years 1773 and 1778.
The castle of the Moors was ceded by the Ministry of War to the Ministry of Finance on June 19, 1921. In 1925, Mayor Alfonso Torres López proposed to locate in it the jail of the judicial district , but ended up rejecting the idea in favor of a plot in San Antonio Abad. The possession of the fort would definitively pass to the Cartagena City Council on September 24, 1929, without any use or care being given to it since then, which is why its current state is of prolonged deterioration.
The castle rises to an altitude of 56 meters above sea level and was built following the parameters of the neoclassicism of the French-speaking Spanish school. On many occasions it has been referred to as a hornabeque , although there is consensus that it is a crowned work.
The building was designed to protect the bastioned front of the Hospital de Marina and at the same time the Gates of San José, one of the three monumental entrances to the city, which was reduced to the old town surrounded by the walls of Carlos III.References:
Monte d"Accoddi is a Neolithic archaeological site in northern Sardinia, located in the territory of Sassari. The site consists of a massive raised stone platform thought to have been an altar. It was constructed by the Ozieri culture or earlier, with the oldest parts dated to around 4,000–3,650 BC.
The site was discovered in 1954 in a field owned by the Segni family. No chambers or entrances to the mound have been found, leading to the presumption it was an altar, a temple or a step pyramid. It may have also served an observational function, as its square plan is coordinated with the cardinal points of the compass.
The initial Ozieri structure was abandoned or destroyed around 3000 BC, with traces of fire found in the archeological evidence. Around 2800 BC the remains of the original structure were completely covered with a layered mixture of earth and stone, and large blocks of limestone were then applied to establish a second platform, truncated by a step pyramid (36 m × 29 m, about 10 m in height), accessible by means of a second ramp, 42 m long, built over the older one. This second temple resembles contemporary Mesopotamian ziggurats, and is attributed to the Abealzu-Filigosa culture.
Archeological excavations from the chalcolithic Abealzu-Filigosa layers indicate the Monte d"Accoddi was used for animal sacrifice, with the remains of sheep, cattle, and swine recovered in near equal proportions. It is among the earliest known sacrificial sites in Western Europe.
The site appears to have been abandoned again around 1800 BC, at the onset of the Nuragic age.
The monument was partially reconstructed during the 1980s. It is open to the public and accessible by the old route of SS131 highway, near the hamlet of Ottava. It is 14,9 km from Sassari and 45 km from Alghero. There is no public transportation to the site. The opening times vary throughout the year.