Castillo de los Vélez was built in 1524 on the ruins of an older castle from which some remains are visible. The castle was ordered by Mister Pedro Fajardo (Marquis of Vélez) to Luis Fajardo to ensure submission of the town of Mula, which was up in arms against the Marquis. This castle of Renaissance style and simple lines was created as a defense structure.
The castle, built on a rocky outcrop, has one single nave with vault, a tribute tower, a tanks and an annex. Inside there is little decoration, with rough, functional lines. The only ornamental pieces are eight shields of the Fajardo and Silva families. There are beautiful views of the Mula river from the North side and of the entire town from the lower terrace. The tribute tower was accessed via a rising footbridge later replaced by a fixed bridge. In case of invasion, the soldiers went to the tower, where a tank ensured water supply.
From the high part of the town, where the Royal Encarnación Monastery is located, the Albacar trail leads to the Castle. You can also go by car taking the road to Caravaca. Right after exiting the town, there are indications for the castle. Follow them all the way to the Castle base.References:
The Basilica of Santa Maria in Trastevere is one of the oldest churches of Rome. The basic floor plan and wall structure of the church date back to the 340s, and much of the structure to 1140-43. The first sanctuary was built in 221 and 227 by Pope Callixtus I and later completed by Pope Julius I.
The inscription on the episcopal throne states that this is the first church in Rome dedicated to Mary, mother of Jesus, although some claim that privilege belongs to the Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore. A Christian house-church was founded here about 220 by Pope Saint Callixtus I (217-222) on the site of the Taberna meritoria, a refuge for retired soldiers. The area was made available for Christian use by Emperor Alexander Severus when he settled a dispute between the Christians and tavern-keepers.
The church underwent two restorations in the fifth and eighth centuries and in 1140-43 it was re-erected on its old foundations under Pope Innocent II.