Votive Church

Szeged, Hungary

The Votive Church and Cathedral of Our Lady of Hungary is a twin-spired church in Szeged. It lies on Dóm square beside the Dömötör tower. Construction began in 1913, but due to the outbreak of the First World War, it was not completed until 1930. The church serves as the cathedral of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Szeged–Csanád.

It is the fourth-largest church in Hungary. The dome is 54 metres outside (33 m above the inside floor) and the towers are both 91 m high. The church contains five bells, the largest of which is the Heroes Bell which weighs 8,537 kilograms, is tuned to F0 and was made in 1927. It also contains one of the largest organs in Europe with 9740 pipes and 134 ranks. The church is located in Dóm Square Szeged, which is exactly the same size as Piazza San Marco in Venice, Italy.

History

Construction of the church began in 1913 after a flood had destroyed most of Szeged. It was designed by Frederick Schulek and was completed in 1930. The construction of the church was a result of a pledge made by the inhabitants of Szeged to build a cathedral after the flood of March 1879.

The Commissioner of the King was looking for a place for the church to be built, and decided on the site of the medieval St. Demeter Church. Today all that remains of the church is the Dömötör tower (now the oldest building in Szeged). Thirty-five design plans were submitted in a competition, and in the end the plans were chosen and the foundation was laid on 21 June 1914. The construction was stopped because of World War I and was finally finished on 24 October 1930. It was blessed by various bishops and archbishops. The next day the church held its first mass.

Features

The front of the church has a Grecian cross and rose windows underneath. Below that is the 3-metre-tall statue of Madonna, the protector of Hungary since Stephen I. On each side of the statue there are paintings of the 12 Apostles. Underneath them is the main gate and the cathedral's side gates.

The church has many frescos, with the main one being 'Our Lady of Hungary' behind the main altar. It depicts Madonna wearing the Hungarian Crown; on her shoulder is St Stephen's coronation mantle, in her right hand is the mace, in her left is the orb, and in her arm is Jesus as a child.

Above the main altar is a fresco called 'Madonna in Fur of Szöged' by Ferenc Marton which depicts Madonna in a Hungarian folk dress.

The dome's fresco was painted by László Patay who later won a Munkacsy Award in 2000. The painting is centered around the procession of the Holy Ghost but also contains depictions of St. Stephen, St. Elisabeth, St. Leslie, and St. Margaret as well.

The main transept contains the Altar of St. Anthony and the Heart of Jesus. In the cathedral's left transept is the marble Altar of St. Gerard, and statues of St. Gerard and of St. Stephen. The right transept contains the Altar of the St. Cross. Between the towers and the transepts are the side-chapels, which were built in honour of St Leslie, St. Elizabeth, St. Stephen and St Margaret.

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Address

Dóm Tér 15, Szeged, Hungary
See all sites in Szeged

Details

Founded: 1913-1930
Category: Religious sites in Hungary

More Information

en.wikipedia.org

Rating

4.8/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Paul Heller (14 months ago)
Really beautiful main church in the city. It's on a big square which makes it really stand out. It's very photogenic. Didn't go inside but it's very lovely to see from outside. Definitely a muss see when visiting.
Marija K (16 months ago)
Must been seen and visited in Szeged. Also there are many beautiful buildings around church, nice architecture.
Biljana Andjelic (17 months ago)
One of the more famous buildings of this city is the Covenant Church or the Dom Cathedral. It is the fourth largest church in Hungary. It is located on the square Dom ter, the big city square, which got its name from this church.
ΙΟΥΛΙΟΣ ΛΕΝΚΟΒ (17 months ago)
Is must see place in Szeged , very nice outside and inside
Norbert Szabó (2 years ago)
We climbed up in the tower: 302 stairs, 46 meters and an outstandig view of the city and its neighbouring region. You can take short breaks if you want on given floors where you can get more info (short films, etc) on the cathedral. There is also a gift shop and a historical exhibition on the ground floor which we could visit for free on the first Sunday of the month. If you are not afraid of a little hight it is definitely a great place to visit in town!
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