Pinerolo Cathedral is mentioned for the first time in 1044 when Marquis Enrico of Monferrato and Countess Adelaide gave three manses located in Pinerolo to the church of San Donato. On October 26th, 1078 Countess Adelaide herself and her sister, Agnese, gave the collegiate churches of San Maurizio and San Donato to the Monastery of Abbadia with the praise and the approval of Cuniberto, Bishop of Turin, who was also the canon of both churches.
The original building, which, at that time, already had a nave and two aisles, probably in Lombard-Romanesque style, was restored in Gothic style possibly thanks to the powerful guild of wool merchants at the beginning of the 15th century. Documentary evidence shows that a portico set against the church façade had existed since 1371 and that it was used for drawing up public deeds. At the end of the XV Century the structure was dismantled to build a new span of the church. A new façade was built, smoothed on the north side to prevent it from touching the closed arcades of the square. A rectory and the canons’ houses had probably existed on that side since 1349 as well as a cloister set against them since 1391, but everything was demolished within the beginning of the XVII Century to allow space to the new wide Rosary Chapel and to an extension of the cemetery – the latter had already been mentioned since 1192 – taking up a wide area of the square near the bell tower. The construction of the bell tower started in 1420 and in 1543 a crenellated crowning was added. Finally, the old sacristy, which was already on the south side of the apse in 1456, was rebuilt around 1509 by the Canon Baldassarre Bernezzo, whose anthropomorphic grave can still be seen in the nearby Chapel of the Magi.
In 1748, with the setting up of the Diocese of Pinerolo, the abbey church of the Monastery of Abbadia lost its title of cathedral, which was given to the college church of San Donato. In the years from 1766 to 1778 imposing restoration works occurred in Baroque style, thanks to the first bishop, Monsignor D’Orlié de Saint Innocent, who gave the church a visible cut with the past. By adhering to the Baroque style, the columns were squared and the vaults of the nave and aisles were lowered. In 1781 the high marble altar, designed by Gerolamo Buniva, was reshaped and two coats of arms of the Savoy family were added, in order to show the important contribution of King Vittorio Amedeo III. In 1763 the Town Council equipped the bell tower with eight lancet windows, in order to make it higher. It was outside the church, near the cemetery which would be in the square until about 1826. At the same time the nearby sacristy, which had been damaged during the bombing of 1693, was rebuilt and widened between 1712 and 1713 by Canon Gioan Domenico Belli.
The church, which had already suffered the earthquake of 1808, was completely restored at the end of the century, following the architectural tastes of the age, which aimed at recovering the original Gothic structure of the building with large works. In 1885 Melchiorre Pulciano started working at a new façade of the Cathedral and, after adding new terracotta elements similar to the decorations of the medieval buildings of the town, threatened to resign owing to the disagreement with the Bishop about the latter’s freedom in introducing novelties into the original structure of the church, so changing it radically. However, he would not give up the restoration works, even though he slowed them down on the north side, where three chapels and the side entrance were built, after a suffered compromise. The engineer Stefano Cambiano from Pinerolo, who worked more rapidly and complying with the Bishop’s intentions, carried out the chapels on the south side and the whole apse area between 1902 and 1905. A new chapter house was built there in the place of the old sacristy and a new sacristy was erected in the north-east corner of the church, almost under the bell tower.
During the removal activities of the internal Baroque superstructure, it was not possible to recover the medieval pictorial decorations therefore the church was completely redecorated.References:
Monte d"Accoddi is a Neolithic archaeological site in northern Sardinia, located in the territory of Sassari. The site consists of a massive raised stone platform thought to have been an altar. It was constructed by the Ozieri culture or earlier, with the oldest parts dated to around 4,000–3,650 BC.
The site was discovered in 1954 in a field owned by the Segni family. No chambers or entrances to the mound have been found, leading to the presumption it was an altar, a temple or a step pyramid. It may have also served an observational function, as its square plan is coordinated with the cardinal points of the compass.
The initial Ozieri structure was abandoned or destroyed around 3000 BC, with traces of fire found in the archeological evidence. Around 2800 BC the remains of the original structure were completely covered with a layered mixture of earth and stone, and large blocks of limestone were then applied to establish a second platform, truncated by a step pyramid (36 m × 29 m, about 10 m in height), accessible by means of a second ramp, 42 m long, built over the older one. This second temple resembles contemporary Mesopotamian ziggurats, and is attributed to the Abealzu-Filigosa culture.
Archeological excavations from the chalcolithic Abealzu-Filigosa layers indicate the Monte d"Accoddi was used for animal sacrifice, with the remains of sheep, cattle, and swine recovered in near equal proportions. It is among the earliest known sacrificial sites in Western Europe.
The site appears to have been abandoned again around 1800 BC, at the onset of the Nuragic age.
The monument was partially reconstructed during the 1980s. It is open to the public and accessible by the old route of SS131 highway, near the hamlet of Ottava. It is 14,9 km from Sassari and 45 km from Alghero. There is no public transportation to the site. The opening times vary throughout the year.