Rotunda Zamosc

Zamość, Poland

The Rotunda Zamość is a Polish museum devoted to remembering the atrocities committed at the former Rotunda Zamość Nazi German camp located in Zamość near Lublin. 

Rotunda was built between 1825 and 1831 in accordance with the design of General Jean-Baptiste Mallet de Grandville. Was part of the fortifications of the Zamość Fortress. During World War II and German AB-Aktion in Poland in 1940 was taken over by the German Gestapo precinct. It served as a prison, holding camp and a place off mass execution of Polish people.

8000 people died in the Gestapo Rotunda camp in Zamość. Nobody was tried for those crimes. During Generalplan Ost and Ethnic cleansing of Zamojszczyzna by Nazi Germany from Zamość Region Germans resettled 297 villages, about 110,000 Polish people, including 16,000 to Majdanek concentration camp, 2,000 to KL Auschwitz-Birkenau. 30,000 children were resettled. 4,500 Polish children from Zamosc Region deported to Germany in order to be Germanized.

The gate which leads to the yard has the original doors with an inscription in German which reads: Gefangenen-Durchgangslager Sicherheitspol ('The temporary camp for the prisoners of Security Police'). 

In the center of the courtyard there is a stone plaque commemorating the site of the cremation of human bodies. On the cemetery around the Rotunda lie the ashes of more than 45 thousand people.



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Founded: 1825-1831
Category: Cemeteries, mausoleums and burial places in Poland

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