St. Mary's Church

Darłowo, Poland

In 1321, Bishop Konrad Kamien gave the patronage to the church in Darłowo to the brothers Święce: Peter and Jasiek and Peter’s son - Wawrzyniec. This year is considered to be the beginning of the construction of the Blessed Virgin Mary, known as St. Mary's Church. The church was damaged by fire in 1589, 1624, 1679 and 1722. The fire in 1679, resulting from a lightning strike, burned down the entire interior of the church with a tower.

From 1535 till the end of the hostilities in 1945, the church belonged to Protestants, most of whom lived in the area of Pomerania. At that time, there were many changes in church architecture. After the Second World War, along with Polish settlers, Catholic priests came to the city. On August 14, 1945, the Franciscans of the Province of Our Lady of Immaculate Conception took over the church and on September 1 of that same year, its consecration was made. Father Damian Tyniecki was the first parish priest. Since 1974, the church has been reconstructed to regain its Gothic roots. The balconies were removed, the plasters were knocked off from the rib vaulting in the nave and aisles; a bay and two gothic and medieval portals, well-preserved wall paintings in the chancel were exposed.

The most interesting detail in St. Mary's Church is Pomeranian Mausoleum with the sarcophaguses of King Eric, Elizabeth, wife of the last Duke of Pomerania and Hedwig - Princess of Pomerania which are located in the chapel of the church tower. There is also richly decorated Baroque pulpit, probably from around 1700. Its body is embellished with reliefs of scenes from the life of Christ and biblical scenes. The pulpit is supported by the figure of an angel. The canopy is a scene of the Last Judgment. The church has a Baroque mural painting of Adoration of the Magi (17th-18th century) and a window painting of St. Christopher located in the walled bay. In addition, there are six portraits of the Apostles from the late 17th century, the Renaissance baptismal bowl from the 16th century, made in Nuremberg. Baptismal font carved in the plate is the work of an artist from Pomeranian Land - William Gross. It is located in the nave of the church, just below the balcony.

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Address

Koscielna 2, Darłowo, Poland
See all sites in Darłowo

Details

Founded: 1321
Category: Religious sites in Poland

More Information

en.wikipedia.org

Rating

4.8/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Andreas Kalesse (2 years ago)
Das ist eine der bemerkenswertesten Kirchen in Pommern. Eine 8-eckige Kirche mit einem Gertudenpatrozinium gibt es im Ostseeraum sonst noch in Deutschland im Bundesland Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. Die originale Ausstattung aus mehreren Jahrhunderten ist beeindruckend. Das wunderschöne Innengewölbe habe ich in dieser Form noch nie gesehen. Die Ausmalungen sind sehr bemerkenswert. Dass ich eine schöne Darstellung meines Namenspatrons dort vorgefunden habe, hat mich sehr berührt.
Sborodin (2 years ago)
Bardzo ładnie utrzymany i zadbany kościół. Wiąże się z nim legenda o św. Gertrudzie która w trakcie powodzi (tsunami) zwanym "Niedźwiedziem Morskim" na statku wyrzuconym na lad z portu w Darłówko wyrzucona została na wzgórze Kopa. Tam w modlitwie obiecała, ze jeśli przeżyje to ufunduje kaplice. Świątynia jest bardzo ważnym elementem przygód bohaterów książki Leszka Hermana "Latarnia umarłych"
Krzysztof G. (2 years ago)
Uroczy kościółek przy Cmentarzu Miejskim w Darłowie. Unikat na skalę światową. Zbudowany na planie sześcioboku, kryty gontem, z przepięknym neobarokowym prawie dwustuletnim prospektem organowym. Wewnątrz gwiaździste sklepienie z malowidłami świętych. Do kompletu mamy tu jeszcze XVII-wieczne bogato zdobione drewniane empory i malowane ławy z herbami ówczesnych rzemieślników.
Boguslaw Bielinski (2 years ago)
Kościół parafialny św. Gertrudy, wznosi się zaraz na początku cmentarza komunalnego. Wcześniej, przez wiele stuleci funkcjonował jako kaplica cmentarna. Nieznana jest data i okoliczności powstania budowli. Nie znamy także fundatora, chociaż wielu badaczy chętnie przypisywało budowę Erykowi I, królowi Danii, Norwegii i Szwecji, późniejszemu władcy darłowskiego zamku, łącząc ten fakt z jego pielgrzymką w 1424 roku do Ziemi Świętej. Zatem przez długi czas świątynię interpretowano jako naśladownictwo Grobu Świętego w Jerozolimie. Chociaż najstarsza wzmianka źródłowa pochodzi dopiero z 1497 roku, to datę budowy określa się na połowę XIV wieku i włącza się budowlę do kategorii sepulkralnych. Za takim rozwiązaniem przemawia lokalizacja kaplicy W XIV i XV wieku, zwłaszcza na Śląsku i Pomorzu, z powodu częstych epidemii chorób zakaźnych zakładano poza murami miejskimi przytułki, zwane szpitalami, budowano cmentarze i kaplice, w większości pw. św. Gertrudy. Jak wynika z Protokołów wizytacji kościelnych z czasów reformacji z 1539 roku, szpital św. Gertrudy w Darłowie wzmiankowany był w 1406 roku, a zatem do zespołu szpitalnego musiała przynale­żeć także kaplica. Fundatorem, a później sprawującym patronat nad zespołem, było prawdopodobnie prężnie rozwijające się miasto, które jeszcze w XIV wieku zostało członkiem związku hanzeatyckiego. Bryła darłowskiej świątyni jest wyjątkowa. Powstała na planie centralnym dwunastoboku, złożonego z partii środkowej na rzucie regularnego sześcioboku i dwunastobocznego obejścia. Obecny wysoki dach ostrosłupowy wielopłaszczyznowy, kryty gontem założony po pożarze w 1628 roku.
Tomás Abecasis (4 years ago)
One of the few things worth seeing in Darłowo. Dating back to 1497 if I'm not mistaken.
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