Bederkesa Castle

Bederkesa, Germany

Bederkesa is a medieval castle built originally in the 12th century. Its original owners, the counts of Bederkesa, lost their fief in 1381. For more than two centuries, the City of Bremen became owner of this castle and its surrounding subjects. As a symbol of sovereignty, they have constructed a Roland statue which is still standing in front of castle. Until 1859, this castle served as administrative centre of its surrounding area. In 1881, it was sold to local investors who converted it into a hotel. This hotel, however, became ramshackle and was deemed to demolition, when the local county administration bought it in 1975, spending much money for reconstruction. Since 1982, the castle serves as museum of local archeology. Remains of prehistoric and medieval houses have been dug from three abandoned villages, Fallward, Feddersen and Flögeln. These Anglo-Saxons moved to England around 450 AD and left their villages uninhabited.



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Founded: 12th century
Category: Castles and fortifications in Germany
Historical period: Hohenstaufen Dynasty (Germany)


4.3/5 (based on Google user reviews)

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User Reviews

Olaf Wöhltjen (15 months ago)
Schönes Museum, gutes Essen im Restaurant, gute Ecke zum verweilen und spazieren gehen.
Werner Mueller (2 years ago)
Ich gebe gern die fünf Sterne für diese gute Atmosphäre, die gute Qualität, dass gute Preis- Leistungsverhältnis, dass hohe Fachwissen bei der Bewertung von Weinen. Mein Urteil: Prädikat wertvoll. Gez euer Werner
Martina Schierhorn (2 years ago)
Sehr gut angelegte Ausstellung. Lohnt sich auch mit Kindern. Sehenswert.
Patric Vogel (2 years ago)
Sehr schön restaurierte Burg. Innen als Archäologie-Museum gestaltet, was uns richtig gut gefallen hat. Es gibt jede Menge Ausstellungstücke, Werkzeuge etc. anzuschauen. Auf dem Rückweg waren wir auch beim Vorgeschichtspfad mit einem teilweise zerstörten Steingrab und einem verschlossenen Grabhügel, für den man im Museum den Schlüssel ausleihen kann. Ansonsten ist die Umgebung dort sehr schön und eignet sich gut zum Spazieren.
Wolfgang B. (2 years ago)
Wir haben das Museum im Rahmen des Mittelaltermarktes besucht. Die Burganlage*, das Museum*, der MA.-Markt inkl. der Aufführungen* samt Burg(hof)-Gastronomie* haben uns gut gefallen und wir haben uns an diesem sonnigen Spätnachmittag hier sehr wohl gefühlt!! Ein Besuch, wenn man sich hier in der Nähe aufhält, lohnt auf jeden Fall bzw. ist empfehlenswert!!
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Klis Fortress

From its origin as a small stronghold built by the ancient Illyrian tribe Dalmatae, becoming a royal castle that was the seat of many Croatian kings, to its final development as a large fortress during the Ottoman wars in Europe, Klis Fortress has guarded the frontier, being lost and re-conquered several times. Due to its location on a pass that separates the mountains Mosor and Kozjak, the fortress served as a major source of defense in Dalmatia, especially against the Ottoman advance, and has been a key crossroad between the Mediterranean belt and the Balkan rear.

Since Duke Mislav of the Duchy of Croatia made Klis Fortress the seat of his throne in the middle of the 9th century, the fortress served as the seat of many Croatia"s rulers. The reign of his successor, Duke Trpimir I, the founder of the Croatian royal House of Trpimirović, is significant for spreading Christianity in the Duchy of Croatia. He largely expanded the Klis Fortress, and in Rižinice, in the valley under the fortress, he built a church and the first Benedictine monastery in Croatia. During the reign of the first Croatian king, Tomislav, Klis and Biograd na Moru were his chief residences.

In March 1242 at Klis Fortress, Tatars who were a constituent segment of the Mongol army under the leadership of Kadan suffered a major defeat while in pursuit of the Hungarian army led by King Béla IV. After their defeat by Croatian forces, the Mongols retreated, and Béla IV rewarded many Croatian towns and nobles with 'substantial riches'. During the Late Middle Ages, the fortress was governed by Croatian nobility, amongst whom Paul I Šubić of Bribir was the most significant. During his reign, the House of Šubić controlled most of modern-day Croatia and Bosnia. Excluding the brief possession by the forces of Bosnian King, Tvrtko I, the fortress remained in Hungaro-Croatian hands for the next several hundred years, until the 16th century.

Klis Fortress is probably best known for its defense against the Ottoman invasion of Europe in the early 16th century. Croatian captain Petar Kružić led the defense of the fortress against a Turkish invasion and siege that lasted for more than two and a half decades. During this defense, as Kružić and his soldiers fought without allies against the Turks, the military faction of Uskoks was formed, which later became famous as an elite Croatian militant sect. Ultimately, the defenders were defeated and the fortress was occupied by the Ottomans in 1537. After more than a century under Ottoman rule, in 1669, Klis Fortress was besieged and seized by the Republic of Venice, thus moving the border between Christian and Muslim Europe further east and helping to contribute to the decline of the Ottoman Empire. The Venetians restored and enlarged the fortress, but it was taken by the Austrians after Napoleon extinguished the republic itself in 1797. Today, Klis Fortress contains a museum where visitors to this historic military structure can see an array of arms, armor, and traditional uniforms.