The Great Tower Neuwerk is the most significant building of the Neuwerk island, belonging to Hamburg. This former beacon, watchtower and lighthouse is also the oldest building in Hamburg and oldest secular building on the German coast.

The construction was started in 1300. It was completed after ten years in 1310. The style matches the common norman tower type of the time. Contrary to some literature, the tower was built in this form from the beginning. The fire in the 1360s destroyed most of the wooden elements and it had to undergo major reconstruction.

The original roof was made of lead, and was replaced by copper in 1474. This was again replaced in 1558 by a tiled roof and by a new copper roof following that. The copper was then used for military purposes in 1916 reconstructed later.

The original purpose was to host troops to defend the ships entering and leaving the Elbe from sea and beach pirates. The tower was also refuge for the farmers on the island during storm surges and survivors of shipwrecks over the centuries.

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Details

Founded: 1300-1310
Category: Castles and fortifications in Germany
Historical period: Habsburg Dynasty (Germany)

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User Reviews

Hans Wurst (18 months ago)
Mit dem Wattwagenfahrern nach Neuwerk ist ein bezaubernde Abenteuer für Jung und Alt nämlich, besonders am sonnigen Tagen wird es auch Mal Lustig hergehen!
Jan Jannos (20 months ago)
Wer einmal über Kilometer auf dem Meeresgrund herum laufen möchte sollte eine Wattwanderung nach Neuwerk machen. Die Nordsee verschwindet im Rhythmus der Gezeiten.
MANFRED OLßON (2 years ago)
Tolle Zimmer und Aussicht. Ich fühlte mich gleich aufgenommen und wie in einer Familie. Das Frühstück war gut, der Kaffee exelent, ich werde auch beim nächsten Besuch dort einkehren. Einfach genial diese Atmosphäre.
Ma Ha (2 years ago)
Wenn man nicht gerade zu Fuß durchs Watt nach Neuwerk gewandert ist, lohnen sich die rund 140 Stufen hinauf auf jeden Fall noch für den Blick. Und die Wanderung durchs Wattenmeer sollte man in der Tat auch mal gemacht haben...
Guillem Mas (2 years ago)
Group dinner. Too slow service. No cold water in the table.
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Hagios Demetrios

The Church of Saint Demetrius, or Hagios Demetrios, is the main sanctuary dedicated to Saint Demetrius, the patron saint of Thessaloniki. It is part of the site Palaeochristian and Byzantine Monuments of Thessaloniki on the list of World Heritage Sites by UNESCO since 1988.

The first church on the spot was constructed in the early 4th century AD, replacing a Roman bath. A century later, a prefect named Leontios replaced the small oratory with a larger, three-aisled basilica. Repeatedly gutted by fires, the church eventually was reconstructed as a five-aisled basilica in 629–634. This was the surviving form of the church much as it is today. The most important shrine in the city, it was probably larger than the local cathedral. The historic location of the latter is now unknown.

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The basilica is famous for six extant mosaic panels, dated to the period between the latest reconstruction and the inauguration of the Byzantine Iconoclasm in 730. These mosaics depict St. Demetrius with officials responsible for the restoration of the church (called the founders, ktetors) and with children. An inscription below one of the images glorifies heaven for saving the people of Thessalonica from a pagan Slavic raid in 615.

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Following the Great Fire of 1917, it took decades to restore the church. Tombstones from the city"s Jewish cemetery - destroyed by the Greek and Nazi German authorities - were used as building materials in these restoration efforts in the 1940s. Archeological excavations conducted in the 1930s and 1940s revealed interesting artifacts that may be seen in a museum situated inside the church"s crypt. The excavations also uncovered the ruins of a Roman bath, where St. Demetrius was said to have been held prisoner and executed. A Roman well was also discovered. Scholars believe this is where soldiers dropped the body of St. Demetrius after his execution. After restoration, the church was reconsecrated in 1949.