Stendal town hall is a Brick Gothic building constructed over successive eras and thus its components reflect the use of an eclectic range of styles. The courthouse was built in the 15th century, its Late Gothic arches opening onto the town market; the guardhouse and a side wing also date to this epoch. A cloakroom added in the late 15th century (and today used as a wine cellar) adjoins the courthouse; the main space in this later addition resembles a hall and features two aisles and cross-shaped rib vaulting. The main section of the town hall is basically Late Gothic, although a Renaissance-style facade with interlaced vaulting.
A colossal statue of Roland, who symbolised the freedoms and rights afforded by the medieval city for the urban residents of the Mark of Brandenburg, has stood in front of the Stendal town hall since 1525. The sandstone statue is remarkably large, towering 7.8 metres above street level.References:
Craigmillar is one of Scotland’s most perfectly preserved castles. It began as a simple tower-house residence. Gradually, over time, it developed into a complex of structures and spaces, as subsequent owners attempted to improve its comfort and amenity. As a result, there are many nooks and crannies to explore.
The surrounding gardens and parkland were also important. The present-day Craigmillar Castle Park has fascinating reminders of the castle’s days as a rural retreat on the edge of Scotland’s capital city.
At the core lies the original, late-14th-century tower house, among the first of this form of castle built in Scotland. It stands 17m high to the battlements, has walls almost 3m thick, and holds a warren of rooms, including a fine great hall on the first floor.
‘Queen Mary’s Room’, also on the first floor, is where Mary is said to have slept when staying at Craigmillar. However, it is more likely she occupied a multi-roomed apartment elsewhere in the courtyard, probably in the east range.
Sir Simon Preston was a loyal supporter of Queen Mary, whom she appointed as Provost of Edinburgh. In this capacity, he was her host for her first night as a prisoner, at his townhouse in the High Street, on 15 June 1567. She was taken to Lochleven Castle the following day.
The west range was rebuilt after 1660 as a family residence for the Gilmour family.
The 15th-century courtyard wall is well preserved, complete with gunholes shaped like inverted keyholes. Ancillary buildings lie within it, including a private family chapel.