Acropolis

Athens, Greece

The Acropolis of Athens and its monuments are universal symbols of the classical spirit and civilization and form the greatest architectural and artistic complex bequeathed by Greek Antiquity to the world. In the second half of the 5th century BC, Athens, following the victory against the Persians and the establishment of democracy, took a leading position amongst the other city-states of the ancient world. In the age that followed, as thought and art flourished, an exceptional group of artists put into effect the ambitious plans of Athenian statesman Pericles and, under the inspired guidance of the sculptor Pheidias, transformed the rocky hill into a unique monument of thought and the arts. The most important monuments were built during that time: the Parthenon, built by Ictinus, the Erechtheon, the Propylaea, the monumental entrance to the Acropolis, designed by Mnesicles and the small temple Athena Nike.

The Acropolis of Athens is the most striking and complete ancient Greek monumental complex still existing in our times. It is situated on a hill of average height (156m) that rises in the basin of Athens. Its overall dimensions are approximately 170 by 350m. The hill is rocky and steep on all sides except for the western side, and has an extensive, nearly flat top. Strong fortification walls have surrounded the summit of the Acropolis for more than 3,300 years.

The first fortification wall was built during the 13th century BC, and surrounded the residence of the local Mycenaean ruler. In the 8th century BC, the Acropolis gradually acquired a religious character with the establishment of the cult of Athena, the city’s patron goddess. The sanctuary reached its peak in the archaic period (mid-6th century to early 5th century BC).

In the 5th century BC, the Athenians, empowered from their victory over the Persians, carried out an ambitious building programme under the leadership of the great statesman Perikles, comprising a large number of monuments including the Parthenon, the Erechtheion, the Propylaia and the temple of Athena Nike. The monuments were developed by an exceptional group of architects (such as Iktinos, Kallikrates, Mnesikles) and sculptors (such as Pheidias, Alkamenes, Agorakritos), who transformed the rocky hill into a unique complex, which heralded the emergence of classical Greek thought and art.

On this hill were born Democracy, Philosophy, Theatre, Freedom of Expression and Speech, which provide to this day the intellectual and spiritual foundation for the contemporary world and its values.

The Acropolis’ monuments, having survived for almost twenty-five centuries through wars, explosions, bombardments, fires, earthquakes, sackings, interventions and alterations, have adapted to different uses and the civilizations, myths and religions that flourished in Greece through time.

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Acropolis, Athens, Greece
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Details

Founded: c. 495-429 BC
Category: Prehistoric and archaeological sites in Greece

Rating

4.8/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Daniel Adams (45 days ago)
The worst part of this is climbing the hill. Be ready for about a 20 min hike straight up, I mean, an incline of 9 or 10 this is a true workout. Then you will have a huge line to get tickets unless your smart and you get your tickets ahead of time via the website or a city pass which I highly recommend to get if your a visitor and have limited time. From what I know, my combined ticket, which included the gardens, was like €30 Once you have your ticket, you will wait in another line to get in and continue your hike to the top. From entrance, it's about a 5 to 10 minute hike to the first part. I hear they have an elevator for the disabled. Once you reach the first columns, nothing else will matter it's breathtaking to image your standing on such special grounds. Not only is the acropolis amazing, but the view of Athens from it is just as amazing. You get to see the wonder of the world and an amazing view. Best pictures are taken standing on the rocks up high some. If you visit Athens and have never seen this, it's a MUST!! I recommend staying up there for at least an hour or more. There are so many different picture opportunities. If this review helped you at all please mark as helpful and follow me for more reviews around the world.
Ronak Shingala (47 days ago)
This is average place to visit as tourists as most of the ancient art was under construction or maintenance which couldn’t let you access even if you pay €20 for entry ticket. The only good thing we liked that you can see the entire city from this hill.
Tatiane (2 months ago)
Amazing experience! It is very gratifying to be in the place you learned about in history books, to be able to witness ancient history. It's very exciting, I loved it! Important information: drinks are not allowed, because if spills could stain the marble floor. Only water is allowed. You also cannot enter with large backpacks. And a suggestion is wear comfortable shoes, as you will be walking a lot and there are some paths that are a little steeper. So come prepared to walk and enjoy the history!
Josie Zhang (Jiusi) (2 months ago)
Breathtaking and absolutely stunning price of history and architecture! Best views over the city from the balcony more than just the Parthenon to look at! I recommend buying tickets online and go there first thing in the morning to avoid queues and huge crowds. Audio guides and tour guides available to download or join. Memorable visit luckily on a beautiful day. Superb, thank you Athens!
kat go (2 months ago)
From stories to reality. Seeing the structures in person is extremely beautiful. Also great to visit at night when they turn on the lights and it reflects the structures. Tip: entrance is free on the first Sunday of the month. Also best to go early or late into the evening. It was pretty cramped for a regular weekday at 10 AM when I was there.
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