Basilica di San Marino

San Marino, San Marino

The Basilica di San Marino is dedicated to Saint Marinus, the founder and patron of the San Marino Republic. The present church was built in 1836 in place of an earlier one that dated to 7th century. It is built in the Neoclassical style, with a porch of eight Corinthian columns. Relics of St. Marino are enshrined in the basilica.

An earlier church was erected on the spot in the 4th century which was dedicated to the same patron. The first document attesting the existence of the church dates to 530 in the La Vita di San Severino by Eugippius. A later document, the Placito Feretrano, dates from 885. The first document that directly relates to the 'Pieve di San Marino' is dated 31 July 1113, with donations from the faithful public.

At the beginning of the 1800s, the church was in critical condition. In 1807, it was razed and a project for the construction of the new church was handed to the Bolognese Achille Serra. In 1825, the council decided to build a new church in the place where the old church had stood. Construction began in 1826 and was completed in 1838. On 5 February 1838, the church was solemnly inaugurated in the presence of the Bishop of Montefeltro, Crispino Agostinucci and the Captain's-Regent.

Over the course of centuries, the basilica has witnessed civil turmoil. Because of this, in 1992, the Vatican made several decrees. These included that the basilica, as the mother-church of all churches within the Republic, is made exempt from the jurisdiction of the parish of the city of San Marino. The basilica is entrusted to the care of a priest who holds the title of Rector, and the Rector is appointed and removed in accordance with canon law.

The interior of the basilica consists of three naves, supported by sixteen Corinthian columns which form a large ambulatory around the semicircular apse. The altar is adorned by a statue of St. Marino by Adamo Tadolini, a student of Antonio Canova. Under the altar are relics of St. Marino which were found on 3 March 1586; some relics were donated to the island of Rab (Croatia), the birthplace of the saint, on 28 January 1595. A reliquary bust in silver and gold dated to 2 September 1602 lies to the right of altar. In the right aisle is a small altar dedicated to Mary Magdelene and a painting by Elisabetta Sirani.

The Chiesa di San Pietro is located at the Basilica of San Marino, to the side of the front steps. It was originally built in 600. It houses a valuable altar with inlaid marble, donated by the musician Antonio Tedeschi in 1689, which is surmounted by a statue dedicated to St. Peter by Enrico Saroldi. In the crypt of this church there are two niches cut into rock that are said to be the beds of San Marino and San Leo. Inside is a monument to Pope John XXIII, erected by the Government of the Republic.

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Founded: 1826-1838
Category: Religious sites in San Marino

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4.6/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Carlos Jozala (4 months ago)
The Basilica of Saint Marinus stands as a testament to both architectural grandeur and historical significance. Located in the heart of San Marino, this magnificent basilica holds a pivotal role in the country's cultural heritage. Constructed in honor of Saint Marinus, the founder of the Republic of San Marino, the basilica dates back to the 19th century, although its origins trace further into the annals of history. Its striking façade, adorned with intricate details and elegant columns, captivates visitors from afar, inviting them to delve into the rich tapestry of San Marino's past. Beyond its aesthetic allure, the basilica serves as a spiritual beacon for locals and pilgrims alike, offering a tranquil sanctuary for reflection and prayer. The interior is adorned with exquisite frescoes, ornate altars, and majestic stained glass windows, each telling a story of faith and devotion. Stepping inside, visitors are enveloped in a sense of reverence and awe, as the sacred atmosphere of the basilica washes over them. Whether admiring its architectural splendor or seeking solace in its hallowed halls, the Basilica of Saint Marinus leaves an indelible impression on all who visit. In conclusion, the Basilica of Saint Marinus is not only a stunning architectural marvel but also a symbol of spiritual significance deeply ingrained in the history and culture of San Marino. Its beauty and historical importance make it a must-visit destination for travelers exploring this charming microstate.
Natalia (5 months ago)
Amazing place with amazing story. If you are in the San Marino you must see this church!
Baloo “Baloo” (6 months ago)
Great place to visit - day trip
Freeman Allen (7 months ago)
Looks a bit plain from the outside, but once you go inside, it's totally worth it. The detail of the carvings on the roof is quite impressive. To add on to that, you can find a statue of Saint Marinus (the patron saint of the country) on the altar.
Andrea Nori (2 years ago)
It was a surprise to see it internally. In fact, I didn't think it was so beautiful! Outside it is just as beautiful and the square that surrounds it is also very beautiful
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