National Archaeological Museum

Athens, Greece

The National Archaeological Museum houses some of the most important artifacts from a variety of archaeological locations around Greece from prehistory to late antiquity. It is considered one of the greatest museums in the world and contains the richest collection of artifacts from Greek antiquity worldwide.

The current location was proposed and the construction of the museum's building began in 1866 and was completed in 1889.

Collections

The Prehistoric Collection consists of unique works of art representing the major civilizations that flourished in the Aegean from the 7th millennium to about 1050 BC. It includes objects from the Neolithic period and the Bronze Age, from mainland Greece, the Aegean islands and Troy. The most important exhibits are the treasures from the royal tombs at Mycenae, the Linear B tablets, the enigmatic Cycladic marble figurines and the superbly preserved wall-paintings from Thera with their large-scale compositions.

The Sculpture Collection contains a large number of unique pieces that present the evolution of ancient Greek sculpture from 700 BC to the 5th c.AD. The works come from sanctuaries, cemeteries and public buildings in Attica, Central Greece, the Peloponnese and the Aegean islands. There is also a significant number of sculptures from Thessaly, West Greece, Macedonia, Thrace and Cyprus.

The Bronze Collection is one of the world’s richest collections of original bronze works. Important groups also include vases of all types and tools, the weapons and finds from the shipwreck at Antikythera, including the famous device, a scientific instrument of the 1st century B.C. used for astronomical and calendrical calculations.

The Vases and Minor Arts Collection was assembled at the end of the 19th century. Today, about 6,000 objects are on display. The original core of the Collection (rooms 49-56) contains around 2,500 artifacts, which reveal the uninterrupted evolution of Greek pottery and vase painting from the 11th to the 4th century B.C., and is represented by the principal workshops.

The Egyptian Collection is of worldwide importance because of the wealth, quality, and rarity of its artefacts.

The compilation of the Cypriot Collection has total of around 850 artefacts, representative of all chronological periods of the Cypriot history and art, from the Early Bronze Age (around 2500 BC) to the Roman times (4th cent. AD).

 

 

References:

Comments

Your name

Website (optional)



Details

Founded: 1866-1889
Category: Museums in Greece

Rating

4.6/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Ioannis Paisis (19 months ago)
The most important archaeological museum in the world. Thousands years of history in one building. You can find a cozy self service cafe with a small garden on the ground floor. The museum shop deserves a visit even if do not want to buy something.
Josh Garlitos (19 months ago)
We enjoyed exploring this museum because it showed the progression in Greek art over time. Whether you're a casual observer or more studious in looking at each piece, it is neat to see advancements in techniques. There is also an Egyptian section that was a surprise to find and very cool to explore the mummification process there too. We also enjoyed the outdoor courtyard cafe for a short break and coffee.
Colin Topliffe (20 months ago)
I actually really enjoyed this museum! It was really cool to see all the ancient Greek and Egyptian collections. Definitely worth checking it out! I would recommend you save a good chuck of your day for it. Took me a few hours to go though all of it and I wasnt reading every detail.
Ioannis Petrou (21 months ago)
Probably the best museum in Greece and one of the most important in the whole world. Although a bit underrated, it has invaluable collections of ancient Greek art. Unfortunately, due to the lack of space, there are some really exciting and rare "treasures" stacked in the warehouses and put on display only temporarily. Access is easy but can be crowded at times both during the weekend, but also during weekdays due to many schools visits. Highly recommend!
e.s (21 months ago)
Beautiful place full of culture and great vibe. Beware that there are frequent school trips so it might be busier during term time. The place closes for around 4.30pm so get in there quick and enjoy the vibe. Also don't forget to go to the lower ground floor there is a beautiful garden area where u can have a drink and all but give yourself enough time to do that as when we got there it was all closed but we got to roam around and take some lovely pictures
Powered by Google

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Luxembourg Palace

The famous Italian Medici family have given two queens to France: Catherine, the spouse of Henry II, and Marie, widow of Henry IV, who built the current Luxembourg palace. Maria di Medici had never been happy at the Louvre, still semi-medieval, where the fickle king, did not hesitate to receive his mistresses. The death of Henry IV, assassinated in 1610, left the way open for Marie's project. When she became regent, she was able to give special attention to the construction of an imposing modern residence that would be reminiscent of the Palazzo Pitti and the Boboli Gardens in Florence, where she grew up. The development of the 25-hectare park, which was to serve as a jewel-case for the palace, began immediately.

The architect, Salomon de Brosse, began the work in 1615. Only 16 years later was the palace was completed. Palace of Luxembourg affords a transition between the Renaissance and the Classical period.

In 1750, the Director of the King's Buildings installed in the wing the first public art-gallery in France, in which French and foreign canvases of the royal collections are shown. The Count of Provence and future Louis XVIII, who was living in Petit Luxembourg, had this gallery closed in 1780: leaving to emigrate, he fled from the palace in June 1791.

During the French Revolution the palace was first abandoned and then moved as a national prison. After that it was the seat of the French Directory, and in 1799, the home of the Sénat conservateur and the first residence of Napoleon Bonaparte, as First Consul of the French Republic. The old apartments of Maria di Medici were altered. The floor, which the 80 senators only occupied in 1804, was built in the middle of the present Conference Hall.

Beginning in 1835 the architect Alphonse de Gisors added a new garden wing parallel to the old corps de logis, replicating the look of the original 17th-century facade so precisely that it is difficult to distinguish at first glance the old from the new. The new senate chamber was located in what would have been the courtyard area in-between.

The new wing included a library (bibliothèque) with a cycle of paintings (1845–1847) by Eugène Delacroix. In the 1850s, at the request of Emperor Napoleon III, Gisors created the highly decorated Salle des Conférences, which influenced the nature of subsequent official interiors of the Second Empire, including those of the Palais Garnier.

During the German occupation of Paris (1940–1944), Hermann Göring took over the palace as the headquarters of the Luftwaffe in France, taking for himself a sumptuous suite of rooms to accommodate his visits to the French capital. Since 1958 the Luxembourg palace has been the seat of the French Senate of the Fifth Republic.