National Archaeological Museum

Athens, Greece

The National Archaeological Museum houses some of the most important artifacts from a variety of archaeological locations around Greece from prehistory to late antiquity. It is considered one of the greatest museums in the world and contains the richest collection of artifacts from Greek antiquity worldwide.

The current location was proposed and the construction of the museum's building began in 1866 and was completed in 1889.


The Prehistoric Collection consists of unique works of art representing the major civilizations that flourished in the Aegean from the 7th millennium to about 1050 BC. It includes objects from the Neolithic period and the Bronze Age, from mainland Greece, the Aegean islands and Troy. The most important exhibits are the treasures from the royal tombs at Mycenae, the Linear B tablets, the enigmatic Cycladic marble figurines and the superbly preserved wall-paintings from Thera with their large-scale compositions.

The Sculpture Collection contains a large number of unique pieces that present the evolution of ancient Greek sculpture from 700 BC to the 5th c.AD. The works come from sanctuaries, cemeteries and public buildings in Attica, Central Greece, the Peloponnese and the Aegean islands. There is also a significant number of sculptures from Thessaly, West Greece, Macedonia, Thrace and Cyprus.

The Bronze Collection is one of the world’s richest collections of original bronze works. Important groups also include vases of all types and tools, the weapons and finds from the shipwreck at Antikythera, including the famous device, a scientific instrument of the 1st century B.C. used for astronomical and calendrical calculations.

The Vases and Minor Arts Collection was assembled at the end of the 19th century. Today, about 6,000 objects are on display. The original core of the Collection (rooms 49-56) contains around 2,500 artifacts, which reveal the uninterrupted evolution of Greek pottery and vase painting from the 11th to the 4th century B.C., and is represented by the principal workshops.

The Egyptian Collection is of worldwide importance because of the wealth, quality, and rarity of its artefacts.

The compilation of the Cypriot Collection has total of around 850 artefacts, representative of all chronological periods of the Cypriot history and art, from the Early Bronze Age (around 2500 BC) to the Roman times (4th cent. AD).





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Founded: 1866-1889
Category: Museums in Greece


4.6/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Ioannis Paisis (16 months ago)
The most important archaeological museum in the world. Thousands years of history in one building. You can find a cozy self service cafe with a small garden on the ground floor. The museum shop deserves a visit even if do not want to buy something.
Josh Garlitos (16 months ago)
We enjoyed exploring this museum because it showed the progression in Greek art over time. Whether you're a casual observer or more studious in looking at each piece, it is neat to see advancements in techniques. There is also an Egyptian section that was a surprise to find and very cool to explore the mummification process there too. We also enjoyed the outdoor courtyard cafe for a short break and coffee.
Colin Topliffe (17 months ago)
I actually really enjoyed this museum! It was really cool to see all the ancient Greek and Egyptian collections. Definitely worth checking it out! I would recommend you save a good chuck of your day for it. Took me a few hours to go though all of it and I wasnt reading every detail.
Ioannis Petrou (18 months ago)
Probably the best museum in Greece and one of the most important in the whole world. Although a bit underrated, it has invaluable collections of ancient Greek art. Unfortunately, due to the lack of space, there are some really exciting and rare "treasures" stacked in the warehouses and put on display only temporarily. Access is easy but can be crowded at times both during the weekend, but also during weekdays due to many schools visits. Highly recommend!
e.s (18 months ago)
Beautiful place full of culture and great vibe. Beware that there are frequent school trips so it might be busier during term time. The place closes for around 4.30pm so get in there quick and enjoy the vibe. Also don't forget to go to the lower ground floor there is a beautiful garden area where u can have a drink and all but give yourself enough time to do that as when we got there it was all closed but we got to roam around and take some lovely pictures
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