Metropolitan Cathedral of Athens

Athens, Greece

The Metropolitan Cathedral of the Annunciation construction began on Christmas Day, 1842 with the laying of the cornerstone by King Otto and Queen Amalia.

Workers used marble from 72 demolished churches to build the Cathedral's immense walls. Three architects and 20 years later, it was complete. On May 21, 1862, the completed Cathedral was dedicated to the Annunciation of the Mother of God by the King and Queen. The Cathedral is a three-aisled, domed basilica. Inside are the tombs of two saints killed by the Ottoman Turks during the Ottoman period: Saint Philothei and Patriarch Gregory V.

Saint Philothei built a convent, was martyred in 1589, and her bones are still visible in a silver reliquary. She is honored for ransoming Greek women enslaved in Ottoman Empire's harems.Gregory V the Ethnomartyr, Patriarch of Constantinople, was hanged by order of Sultan Mahmud II and his body thrown into the Bosphorus in 1821, in retaliation for the Greek uprising on March 25, leading to the Greek War of Independence. His body was rescued by Greek sailors and eventually enshrined in Athens.

In the Square in front of the Cathedral stand two statues. The first is that of Saint Constantine XI the Ethnomartyr, the last Byzantine Emperor. The second is a statue of Archbishop Damaskinos who was Archbishop of Athens during World War II and was Regent for King George II and Prime Minister of Greece in 1946.

The Metropolitan Cathedral remains a major landmark in Athens and the site of important ceremonies with national political figures present, as well as weddings and funerals of notable personalities.

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Details

Founded: 1842
Category: Religious sites in Greece

More Information

en.wikipedia.org

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4.6/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Katerina G. (2 years ago)
Basilica with dome the Cathedral church of Athens dedicated to Annunciation of our Lady ,Virgin Mary built on 1862 , simple architecture made with bricks!
Kathleen Martin (2 years ago)
Interesting service, however, as a visitor, I missed the memo of ladies on the left, men on the right till it was too late.
lora Willmore (2 years ago)
This is an absolutely breathtaking church. They have done an incredible job preserving history and it is WELL worth your time to visit. People were taking photos inside but remember to dress conservatively and remain respectful as people do come in to worship & pray throughout the day.
Ngen Syut Wan Zing (2 years ago)
The exterior looks strange and angular, but this church has a beautiful interior! Divine liturgy is very nice!! you must listen to it!!!
Elaine Carr (2 years ago)
Beautiful cathedral, lovely inside - very decorative. Worth a visit and you can also see the 'little cathedral' right next to it - an old Byzantine church.
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