Roman Agora

Athens, Greece

The original Roman Agora was encroached upon and obstructed by a series of Roman buildings, beginning with the imperial family's gift to the Athenians of a large odeion (concert hall). The Odeon of Agrippa was built by him in around 15 BC, and measured 51.4 by 43.2 metres, rose several stories in height, and – being sited just north of the Middle Stoa – obstructed the old agora. In return for the odeion, the Athenians built a statue to Agrippa at the site of the previous agora; they based it on a plinth recycled from an earlier statue by covering the old inscription with a new one.

After the invasion of the Herulae in AD 267 the city of Athens was restricted to the area within the Late Roman fortification wall, and the administrative and commercial centre of the city was transferred from the Ancient Agora to the Roman Agora and the Library of Hadrian. 

During the Byzantine period and the Turkish occupation the area was covered with houses, workshops and churches along with the Fethiye Mosque. 

Buildings and structures

The Tower of the Winds is an octagonal Pentelic marble clocktower that functioned as a horologion or 'timepiece'. It is considered the world's first meteorological station. The structure features a combination of sundials, a water clock, and a wind vane. It was supposedly built by Andronicus of Cyrrhus around 50 BC, but according to other sources, might have been constructed in the 2nd century BC before the rest of the forum.

The Gate of Athena Archegetis is considered to be the second most prominent remain in the site after the Tower of the Winds. Constructed in 11 BCE by donations from Julius Caesar and Augustus, the gate was made of 4 Doric columns and a base of Pentelic marble. It was a monument dedicated by the Athenians to their patroness Athena Archegetis.

The East Propylon is the eastern entrance of the Roman Agora in Athens. Built in 19-11 BCE, it constituted of 4 Ionic columns made of gray Hymettian marble.

References:

Comments

Your name



Address

Polignotou 3, Athens, Greece
See all sites in Athens

Details

Founded: 19-11 BC
Category: Prehistoric and archaeological sites in Greece

Rating

4.5/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Percy Chang (3 months ago)
It is not far away from the metro station. From outside, you can see the remnants of the market place during the Roman period. There are lots of ruins. Only the Tower of Winds is well preserved. The ambience is not crowded.
Kyle Sweet (3 months ago)
As part of the pass with all of the sites included, it was interesting. It is just a bit outshined by other nearby ancient sites. It takes about 15 minutes to walk around and is interesting to think of the gathering place here in Roman era Athens. Worth a visit, but not as a priority.
Wilson Tsang (4 months ago)
TLDR: only come if you’re getting the pass that includes it, otherwise do not pay for it, only was 15 minutes For four euros, this spot only lasted 15 minutes and that’s including reading every plaque. I would say this is so minor in detail compared to the ancient agora (for only five euros) to just go there and avoid this.
Robert Chomicz (6 months ago)
There is not much left of the Roman Agora aside from the tower of the winds, and that is pretty much the only interesting thing to see there. Is it worth the price of admission? I did not think so so I viewed it from outside, though at nigh, I did see people jump the fence and sneak onto the grounds...
Carolyn Kimery (8 months ago)
We visited on the Athens Combo Pass (you can get this online or at the Acropolis). It’s so interesting to see the differences between the Roman Agora and the ancient agora. You maybe need 45 minutes to explore and take in the site, but it is filled with mosaics and history. 100% worth seeing and I recommend keeping an eye out for turtles and kitties.
Powered by Google

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Topography of Terror

The Topography of Terror (Topographie des Terrors) is an outdoor and indoor history museum. It is located on Niederkirchnerstrasse, formerly Prinz-Albrecht-Strasse, on the site of buildings which during the Nazi regime from 1933 to 1945 were the headquarters of the Gestapo and the SS, the principal instruments of repression during the Nazi era.

The buildings that housed the Gestapo and SS headquarters were largely destroyed by Allied bombing during early 1945 and the ruins demolished after the war. The boundary between the American and Soviet zones of occupation in Berlin ran along the Prinz-Albrecht-Strasse, so the street soon became a fortified boundary, and the Berlin Wall ran along the south side of the street, renamed Niederkirchnerstrasse, from 1961 to 1989. The wall here was never demolished.