The Setefilla Castle is located on the outskirts of the town of Lora del Río. The name has its origin in a medieval place name that should refer to the Muslim fortress located on the table of the same name.

In the Middle Ages, Setefilla was an important enclave related tot eh Muslim conquest, the reconquest and the subsequent repopulation of the area and appears several times cited in the texts of historians of the time.

Of Arab origin, the Setefilla Castle seems to be based on an ancient Roman fort that in turn took advantage of a previous Iberian enclosure. It was built over the years 888-912 by the Banu Layt, the Berber tribe that controlled the region. They fortified the castro with the name of “Chadfilah” or “Chant Fila”.

The construction is polygonal and adapts to the surface of the hill where it sits. It has an area of approximately 4000 m2.

References:

Comments

Your name



Details

Founded: 888-921 AD
Category: Castles and fortifications in Spain

More Information

andaluciarustica.com

Rating

4.6/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

alfredo gutierrez buzon (7 months ago)
Precious
ClÁsico (8 months ago)
If you want to know more, continue reading: Castle of Arab origin (888-912), although it seems that it is based on an old Roman fort that in turn took advantage of a previous Iberian enclosure, which was conquered in 1247 by the army of Fernando III. The toponym of Setefilla comes from the phonetic corruption of Septe Fillas, in relation to the seven towns near Lora that were included in the bailiwick established by the Hospital in 1259. The Castle of Setefilla stands on a cliff under which the road to Puebla de los Infantes passes, in the municipality of Lora del Río, province of Seville, next to the sanctuary of Nuestra Señora de Setefilla. It was built between the years 888-912 by the Banu Layt, the Berber tribe that controlled the region. It received the name of Chadfilah or Chant-Fila. In the spring of 1247 it was conquered by the army of Ferdinand III, during its advance towards Seville and handed over to the Hospitallers, becoming part of the bailiwick that established this order based in nearby Lora del Río. The toponym of Setefilla comes from the phonetic corruption of Septe Fillas, in relation to the seven towns near Lora that were included in the bailiwick established by the Hospital in 1259. This fortress controlled the passage to the Sierra Norte de Sevilla along with those of Puebla de los Infantes, Peñaflor, Cazalla, Alanís and Constantina. Its shape is polygonal, adapting to the surface of the hill where it sits, and its surface is approximately 4,000 m2. The entrance is at the end of a ramp located on the south side of the enclosure, in a doubling of the wall. The interior is divided into two clearly differentiated areas. First, a large parade ground of about 3,000 m2, with the remains of several square towers. Towards the middle of the 50-meter canvas that divides the enclosure, there is the keep. At the southern end of said canvas there is a postern in a bend that leads to the second parade ground, of about 900 m2, where you can see the remains of a practically blinded cistern, as well as those of a tower located in the north end. raised on a promontory of the land. The keep, with a square plan and about 9 meters on each side, has two floors: a ground floor which is accessed from the same courtyard, closed with a barrel vault, and a higher one which was accessed from the Adarve of the curtain that divides the enclosure of the fort in two. The roof of it no longer exists. In the eighteenth century it seems that it was still preserved in good condition, since Thomas Andrés de Gússeme described it as follows: The fortress with its entire keep, and without injury, exists alive; It has a wall enclosure, with some other towers, in which some are better preserved than the others; This enclosure is divided into two parts by another wall, which encloses the main tower, cisterns, baths, and underground buildings, all in good condition. Obviously and unfortunately, those underground buildings and toilets have been covered over by time. Perhaps a clean-up of the terrain would expose those dependencies. If you liked it, give it a Like, Thank you. source IAPH, and Monumental.net
José Manuel García (19 months ago)
Perfect place to spend an afternoon
chelo navas (20 months ago)
Historical
JOSE ANTONIO (2 years ago)
Lugar histórico interesante pero no visitable por peligro de derrumbe, necesita restauración
Powered by Google

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Roman Walls of Lugo

Roman Walls of Lugo are an exceptional architectural, archaeological and constructive legacy of Roman engineering, dating from the 3rd and 4th centuries AD. The Walls are built of internal and external stone facings of slate with some granite, with a core filling of a conglomerate of slate slabs and worked stone pieces from Roman buildings, interlocked with lime mortar.

Their total length of 2117 m in the shape of an oblong rectangle occupies an area of 1.68 ha. Their height varies between 8 and 10 m, with a width of 4.2 m, reaching 7 m in some specific points. The walls still contain 85 external towers, 10 gates (five of which are original and five that were opened in modern times), four staircases and two ramps providing access to the walkway along the top of the walls, one of which is internal and the other external. Each tower contained access stairs leading from the intervallum to the wall walk of town wall, of which a total of 21 have been discovered to date.

The defences of Lugo are the most complete and best preserved example of Roman military architecture in the Western Roman Empire.

Despite the renovation work carried out, the walls conserve their original layout and the construction features associated with their defensive purpose, with walls, battlements, towers, fortifications, both modern and original gates and stairways, and a moat.

Since they were built, the walls have defined the layout and growth of the city, which was declared a Historical-Artistic Ensemble in 1973, forming a part of it and becoming an emblematic structure that can be freely accessed to walk along. The local inhabitants and visitors alike have used them as an area for enjoyment and as a part of urban life for centuries.

The fortifications were added to UNESCO"s World Heritage List in late 2000 and are a popular tourist attraction.