Belalcázar Castle

Belalcázar, Spain

The castle-palace of Belalcázar is one of the most representative of the 15th century, when the nobility attempted to demonstrate its social and economic status.

Built entirely of stone blocks, Belalcazar preserves two enclosures: an outer barrier adapted to the irregularities of the land and reinforced with rectangular towers, and the inner rectangular castle-palace with eight towers, one at each corner and another in the center of each side. All eight towers are of average height except for the eastern and principal tower, which rises noticeably above the rest.

In the 15th century, some Renaissance construction was added to improve the accommodations of the palace, which were insufficient in the old principal tower.The castle was built by the magnate Gutierre de Sotomayor, grand master of Alcantara, with the benefices he earned from his various possessions. The castle later passed on to the houses of Benavente and Osuna. In 1811, during the War of Independence, French troops defended the castle against a siege by the duke of Wellington's British troops.The exterior of the fortress is almost entirely intact, but nothing remains of the interior structure.

References:

Comments

Your name



Details

Founded: 15th century
Category: Castles and fortifications in Spain

Rating

4.5/5 (based on Google user reviews)

Interesting Sites Nearby

User Reviews

Juan Carlos Aristu Garcia (2 years ago)
El castillo de Sotomayor Zúñiga y Madróñiz, pertenece a los condes de Belalcázar, donde residían, está situado en la localidad de Belalcázar, Córdoba, España y data del Siglo. XV. La piedra es de granito y está formada por 8 torres prismáticas, destacando la Torre del Homenaje con 47 metros de altura. En 2018 se realizó una gran reforma para mantener el castillo, debiendo cerrar al público. Por su localización, el castillo de Belalcázar se divisa desde tierras lejanas.
Gonzalo Hernández Rodríguez (3 years ago)
Una auténtica joya que deberíamos tener mejor cuidada y enfocada al turismo.
Ana Medina (3 years ago)
El castillo es único y precioso lo recomiendo y visitar el pueblo es muy bonito para pasear y tapear ,es una experiencia única
Melissa Schober (3 years ago)
Beautiful views from the castle to the valley below. Enormous stork nests to be seen.
Francisco Arevalo (3 years ago)
Bonito para dar un paseo por fuera y por el pueblo, pero no se puede visitar y le faltaría un arreglo para atraer más turismo. Una pena los grafitis que se ven desde fuera.
Powered by Google

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Roman Walls of Lugo

Roman Walls of Lugo are an exceptional architectural, archaeological and constructive legacy of Roman engineering, dating from the 3rd and 4th centuries AD. The Walls are built of internal and external stone facings of slate with some granite, with a core filling of a conglomerate of slate slabs and worked stone pieces from Roman buildings, interlocked with lime mortar.

Their total length of 2117 m in the shape of an oblong rectangle occupies an area of 1.68 ha. Their height varies between 8 and 10 m, with a width of 4.2 m, reaching 7 m in some specific points. The walls still contain 85 external towers, 10 gates (five of which are original and five that were opened in modern times), four staircases and two ramps providing access to the walkway along the top of the walls, one of which is internal and the other external. Each tower contained access stairs leading from the intervallum to the wall walk of town wall, of which a total of 21 have been discovered to date.

The defences of Lugo are the most complete and best preserved example of Roman military architecture in the Western Roman Empire.

Despite the renovation work carried out, the walls conserve their original layout and the construction features associated with their defensive purpose, with walls, battlements, towers, fortifications, both modern and original gates and stairways, and a moat.

Since they were built, the walls have defined the layout and growth of the city, which was declared a Historical-Artistic Ensemble in 1973, forming a part of it and becoming an emblematic structure that can be freely accessed to walk along. The local inhabitants and visitors alike have used them as an area for enjoyment and as a part of urban life for centuries.

The fortifications were added to UNESCO"s World Heritage List in late 2000 and are a popular tourist attraction.