Belmez Castle

Belmez, Spain

Castillo de Belmez is a small fortress located in Bélmez, northwest of Córdoba. It is visible from any angle, as it sits on top of a high limestone rocky outcrop. It seems to have been around at least since 1245, although the main tower and the wall were built later on, in the 15th century. It belonged to the Order of Calatrava after belonging to the Cordoba Council. In the 15th century it became an important area of control during the Reconquest.

From 1810 to 1812, during the Peninsular War, the French troops took over the castle for a long time. It was so important for them that they even rebuilt part of the site. The French domination affected the people of Belmez so much that they decided to get rid of that bastion, which was so attractive to their enemies, so they tried to destroy it.

To get to the fortress visitors must walk up winding stairs starting on Calle Rafael Canalejo Canteroy, through an arched doorway, situated on one of the turrets.

The floor plan is elongated and adapts to the terrain on which it is built – an enormous rock which is impossible to get to from the northwestern side because there is a steep cliff. Six semi-cylindrical towers are built along a wall which is thicker in some parts. In the bailey inside there is a well, known in the town as the 'horse's hoofprint', which is always is full of water thanks to the features of the terrain.

The keep is pentagonal and 11 metres high. It has two floors with brick vaults above them. It used to have parapets and battlements – clear defence elements which have disappeared over time.



Your name


Founded: 13th century
Category: Castles and fortifications in Spain


4.4/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Raul Sanchez (2 years ago)
Una subida hasta la zona más alta del castillo muy entretenida, subi de día pero algún día cuando vuelva debo hacer una subida nocturna pues debe ser muy bonita las vistas también de noche.
Juan Moya Garcia (2 years ago)
Lugar precioso.Acceso bien cuidado con rampas y escalones de piedra,se hace fácil si vas tranquilo,en menos de quince minutos estás arriba.El coche se deja abajo y buscas una cancela y encuentras el acceso.La construcción esta poco restaurada y no está puesta para su visita turística con lo cual puede resultar peligrosa para niños(agujeros en el suelo,ausencia de barandillas o petriles)La experiencia es tipo aventura.Las vistas espectaculares.
Remedios Leal Hernández (2 years ago)
Le he puesto cinco estrellas porque a mí todo lo que sea una piedra me encanta. Realmente el lugar es magnífico, es increíble la poca pereza que les daba subir piedras en otras épocas. Las vistas son inmejorables. El entorno y el castillo en si lo tienen descuidado. Deben subir las cabras porque está la firma y hay nombres con pinturas de colores que la gente hace. Supongo que cuidar el patrimonio es costoso, pero deberíamos utilizarlo como generador de riqueza y no estropear lugares tan hermosos. Se ve desde la carretera porque está en un promontorio increíble, así es que dan ganas de subir a verlo.
Raquel Fernandez Chapa (2 years ago)
Precioso, el castillo en si es muy sencillo, es una torre que han reconstruido casi por conpleto y es genial poder subir arriba del todo, las vistas merecen la pena. Cansa bastante subir, sobre todo con niños, pero puedes ir parando. Antes de subir hay unas escaleras con una pared preciosa de geráneos.
Francisco Marquez Gutierrez (2 years ago)
Digno de visitar, si quieres pasar una mañana agradable. Hay que dejar el coche al principio de la subida, luego es una subida permanente y fuerte, si no estás acostumbrado. Esta muy bien para una aventura
Powered by Google

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Luxembourg Palace

The famous Italian Medici family have given two queens to France: Catherine, the spouse of Henry II, and Marie, widow of Henry IV, who built the current Luxembourg palace. Maria di Medici had never been happy at the Louvre, still semi-medieval, where the fickle king, did not hesitate to receive his mistresses. The death of Henry IV, assassinated in 1610, left the way open for Marie's project. When she became regent, she was able to give special attention to the construction of an imposing modern residence that would be reminiscent of the Palazzo Pitti and the Boboli Gardens in Florence, where she grew up. The development of the 25-hectare park, which was to serve as a jewel-case for the palace, began immediately.

The architect, Salomon de Brosse, began the work in 1615. Only 16 years later was the palace was completed. Palace of Luxembourg affords a transition between the Renaissance and the Classical period.

In 1750, the Director of the King's Buildings installed in the wing the first public art-gallery in France, in which French and foreign canvases of the royal collections are shown. The Count of Provence and future Louis XVIII, who was living in Petit Luxembourg, had this gallery closed in 1780: leaving to emigrate, he fled from the palace in June 1791.

During the French Revolution the palace was first abandoned and then moved as a national prison. After that it was the seat of the French Directory, and in 1799, the home of the Sénat conservateur and the first residence of Napoleon Bonaparte, as First Consul of the French Republic. The old apartments of Maria di Medici were altered. The floor, which the 80 senators only occupied in 1804, was built in the middle of the present Conference Hall.

Beginning in 1835 the architect Alphonse de Gisors added a new garden wing parallel to the old corps de logis, replicating the look of the original 17th-century facade so precisely that it is difficult to distinguish at first glance the old from the new. The new senate chamber was located in what would have been the courtyard area in-between.

The new wing included a library (bibliothèque) with a cycle of paintings (1845–1847) by Eugène Delacroix. In the 1850s, at the request of Emperor Napoleon III, Gisors created the highly decorated Salle des Conférences, which influenced the nature of subsequent official interiors of the Second Empire, including those of the Palais Garnier.

During the German occupation of Paris (1940–1944), Hermann Göring took over the palace as the headquarters of the Luftwaffe in France, taking for himself a sumptuous suite of rooms to accommodate his visits to the French capital. Since 1958 the Luxembourg palace has been the seat of the French Senate of the Fifth Republic.