Belmez Castle

Belmez, Spain

Castillo de Belmez is a small fortress located in Bélmez, northwest of Córdoba. It is visible from any angle, as it sits on top of a high limestone rocky outcrop. It seems to have been around at least since 1245, although the main tower and the wall were built later on, in the 15th century. It belonged to the Order of Calatrava after belonging to the Cordoba Council. In the 15th century it became an important area of control during the Reconquest.

From 1810 to 1812, during the Peninsular War, the French troops took over the castle for a long time. It was so important for them that they even rebuilt part of the site. The French domination affected the people of Belmez so much that they decided to get rid of that bastion, which was so attractive to their enemies, so they tried to destroy it.

To get to the fortress visitors must walk up winding stairs starting on Calle Rafael Canalejo Canteroy, through an arched doorway, situated on one of the turrets.

The floor plan is elongated and adapts to the terrain on which it is built – an enormous rock which is impossible to get to from the northwestern side because there is a steep cliff. Six semi-cylindrical towers are built along a wall which is thicker in some parts. In the bailey inside there is a well, known in the town as the 'horse's hoofprint', which is always is full of water thanks to the features of the terrain.

The keep is pentagonal and 11 metres high. It has two floors with brick vaults above them. It used to have parapets and battlements – clear defence elements which have disappeared over time.

References:

Comments

Your name



Details

Founded: 13th century
Category: Castles and fortifications in Spain

Rating

4.5/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Joana Ferreira (11 months ago)
Traveling from Córdoba to Portugal, we saw the castle in the distance and decided to stop and visit. We looked for the access stairs / patio and it surprised us that it was so flowery and so well taken care of. But the local population did not want to let us pass or take pictures because it had not yet been opened by the authorities.... :(... We are leaving, disappointed, when they called us and let us pass to go up to the castle but without taking pictures. The castle has a beautiful view, is open to the public but very uncharacteristic, rebuilt with cement in some parts, without any historical information, and dirty... Conclusion: it's beautiful from afar, it's beautiful if you manage to pass by and admire it through the stairs/ patio.Other than that, it's not very interesting.
Eduardo Gonzalez (2 years ago)
Castle in the town that gives it its name. It is easily seen from afar as it is on a fairly steep promontory. The climb is important since there is quite a slope but without a doubt it is worth it. You have to be careful since everything is accessible and there is no surveillance, so with small children you have to be very close to them.
John Lim (2 years ago)
Nice...
athenaonearthh (2 years ago)
Really beautiful view!
Mark Auchincloss (2 years ago)
13th Century, rebuilt in 15th Century,occupied by French in 1810-12. You can walk to top from Hermitage via a viewpoint. It's free open access. You can even go up to top of tower. 360° views are incredible. The variety of birds observed was incredible : falcon, alpine swift,chough, craig martin, strork...
Powered by Google

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Trencín Castle

Trenčín Castle is relatively large renovated castle, towering on a steep limestone cliff directly above the city of Trenčín. It is a dominant feature not only of Trenčín, but also of the entire Považie region. The castle is a national monument.

History of the castle cliff dates back to the Roman Empire, what is proved by the inscription on the castle cliff proclaiming the victory of Roman legion against Germans in the year 179.

Today’s castle was probably built on the hill-fort. The first proven building on the hill was the Great Moravian rotunda from the 9th century and later there was a stone residential tower, which served to protect the Kingdom of Hungary and the western border. In the late 13th century the castle became a property of Palatine Matúš Csák, who became Mr. of Váh and Tatras.

Matúš Csák of Trenčín built a tower, still known as Matthew’s, which is a dominant determinant of the whole building.