The castle in Gołańcz, which was the seat of the Pałuk family, was most likely built in the second half of the 14th century. The site was previously occupied by an older settlement, and later possibly also a fortified manor house of the Pałuks. The building was referred to as castrum for the first time in 1383; at that time, it belonged to Jakub Kusz. In the 1470s, the castle became the property of the Grudziński family, and in the early 17th century, it became the property of the Smoguleckis.
It remained in good defensive condition until the mid-17th century. In 1656, it was seized by Swedish troops with the use of artillery and destroyed — the gatehouse was demolished then. The castle was rebuilt by the Smoguleckis, who modified the tower, giving it a residential rather than defensive character. In the 18th century, the castle was a residence of General F. Fleming. The next owners were the Przebendowskis and then the Mielczyńskis. In 1773, following the First Partition of Poland, it was incorporated into the Kingdom of Prussia. It 1834, it was owned by the Czarnecki family, and it was probably abandoned at that time. The roof was completely renovated in the years 1910-1911. Between 1941 and 1944, excavations were conducted at the castle under the supervision of a German conservator-restorer called Johannes. After the war, conservation and preservation works were carried out in the years 1951-1953.References:
The castle of La Iruela, small but astonishing, is located on the top of a steep crag in Sierra de Cazorla, Segura y Las Villas Natural Park. From the castle, impressive views of the surrounding area and of the town can be enjoyed.
The keep dates from the Christian era. It has a square base and small dimensions and is located at the highest part of the crag.
There are some other enclosures within the tower that create a small alcázar which is difficult to access.
In a lower area of the castle, protected with defensive remains of rammed earth and irregular masonry, is an old Muslim farmstead.
After a recent restoration, an open-air theater has been built on La Iruela castle enclosure. This theater is a tribute to the Greek and Classic Eras and holds various artistic and cultural shows throughout the year.
The first traces of human activity in La Iruela area are dated from the Copper Age. An intense occupation continued until the Bronze Age.
Originally, La Iruela (like Cazorla) was a modest farmstead. From the 11th century, a wall and a small fortress were built on the hill to protect the farmers.
Around 1231, don Rodrigo Ximénez de Rada, Archbishop of Toledo, conquered La Iruela and made it part of the Adelantamiento de Cazorla. Over the Muslim fortress, the current fortress was built.
Once the military use of the fortress ended, it was used as cemetery.