Top Historic Sights in Kolding, Denmark

Explore the historic highlights of Kolding

St. Nicholas Church

Saint Nicholas Church dates from around 1250 and the oldest church in Kolding, but only few parts of the original building are preserved. The present exterior is from 1885-1886, and the interior decorations are mainly from a restoration in 1753-1758. The altarpiece is from 1589-1590 and was paid for by the vassal of Koldinghus, Casper Markdanner (vassal 1585-1617). It is made with inspiration from the Dutch copper engrav ...
Founded: c. 1250 | Location: Kolding, Denmark

Koldinghus Castle

Koldinghus Castle was founded in the 13th century and was expanded since with many functions ranging from fortress, royal residency, ruin, museum, and the location of numerous wartime negotiations. The castle was originally founded by Christoffer I in 1268 but the oldest remaining part of buildings is the north side facing the castle lake originally built by king Christoffer III (1441–1448). The western side was later b ...
Founded: 15th century | Location: Kolding, Denmark

Sønder Stenderup Church

Sønder Stenderup Church was probably built between 1150-1200 in Romanesque style and tower around 1500. The altarpiece is Late Gothic and font dates from Romanesque times.
Founded: 12th century | Location: Kolding, Denmark

Hejls Church

Hejls church was built in the Romanesque style in 12th century. The tower was added in the 15th century and all other buildings from 1780 to 1950. 
Founded: 12th century | Location: Kolding, Denmark

Harte Church

Harte Church was built in the 12th century in Romanesque style. The entrance and tower dates from 15-16th centuries. The old altarpiece was given by Abildgaard, the lord of Vranderupgaard. In the cemetery you will find a soldiers grave from the battle at Kolding (1849). In this battle, Harte church served as headquarter and observation post for the army led by general Rye.
Founded: 12th century | Location: Kolding, Denmark

Stepping Church

Stepping Church was built in the early 12th century and the Late Gothic tower was added later. The pulpit dates from 1588.
Founded: 12th century | Location: Kolding, Denmark

Viuf Church

Viuf Church was built first time in the mid-12th century and it has been restored several times. The Romanesque choir and nave were built in Romanesque style and the tower was added in 1730. The church bell dates from 1447 and pulpit from 1600.
Founded: c. 1150 | Location: Kolding, Denmark

Taps Church

Taps Church consists of Romanesque style choir, nave and apse and late medieval tower. The altarpiece is late Gothic.
Founded: 12th century | Location: Kolding, Denmark

Sønder Bjert Church

Sønder Bjert Church was built near the end of the 12th century out of stone cut from boulders and originally did not have a tower. The church"s roofing consists of lead, which was last renovated in 2000. The crucifix was built in the mid-13th century and altarpiece was made by Hans Dreyer in 1624. The baptismal font dates from around 1650. 
Founded: 12th century | Location: Kolding, Denmark

Lejrskov Church

Lejrskov Church was built in the Romanesque style in the 12th century. The porch and tower were added around 1525-1550. The church got its current appearance in 1764 restoration. The font, altarpiece and pulpit date from the 1500s. 
Founded: 12th century | Location: Kolding, Denmark

Skanderup Church

Skanderup Church was built probably around 1200 and is mentioned first time in 1280. The church contains a number of monuments, epitaphs and some magnificent Baroque style oak wood carvings, also produced in the workshop of Peter Jensen Kolding.
Founded: c. 1200 | Location: Kolding, Denmark

Eltang Church

Eltang Church was built around 1100 and enlarged later in the Middle Ages. The church bell dates from 1588.
Founded: c. 1100 | Location: Kolding, Denmark

Bramdrup Church

Bramdrup Church dates probably from the late 12th century or 13th century and was rebuilt in 1880. In the cemetery is a memorial for fallen soldiers of Battle of Kolding (1849).
Founded: 12th century | Location: Kolding, Denmark

Seest Church

Seest Church consists of a Romanesque choir and the ship, originally the apse, and a late medieval tower in the west. A late medieval porch in front southern door was demolished by the mid-1800s. The walls of chancel and nave is of field stone, and space has retained his flat beam ceilings. Arc is a brick wall on the Renaissance, possibly from 1539. During restoration 1963-64, led by architect JK Jepsen, Kolding, was afte ...
Founded: c. 1400 | Location: Kolding, Denmark

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Lorca Castle

Castle of Lorca (Castillo de Lorca) is a fortress of medieval origin constructed between the 9th and 15th centuries. It consists of a series of defensive structures that, during the Middle Ages, made the town and the fortress an impregnable point in the southeast part of the Iberian Peninsula. Lorca Castle was a key strategic point of contention between Christians and Muslims during the Reconquista.

Archaeological excavations have revealed that the site of the castle has been inhabited since Neolithic times.

Muslim Era

It has not been determined exactly when a castle or fortress was first built on the hill. The first written documentation referring to a castle at Lorca is of Muslim origin, which in the 9th century, indicates that the city of Lurqa was an important town in the area ruled by Theudimer (Tudmir). During Muslim rule, Lorca Castle was an impregnable fortress and its interior was divided into two sections by the Espaldón Wall. In the western part, there was an area used to protect livestock and grain in times of danger. The eastern part had a neighbourhood called the barrio de Alcalá.

After Reconquista

Lorca was conquered by the Castilian Infante Don Alfonso, the future Alfonso X, in 1244, and the fortress became a key defensive point against the Kingdom of Granada. For 250 years, Lorca Castle was a watchpoint on the border between the Christian kingdom of Murcia and the Muslim state of Granada.

Alfonso X ordered the construction of the towers known as the Alfonsina and Espolón Towers, and strengthened and fixed the walls. Hardly a trace of the Muslim fortress remained due to this reconstruction. Muslim traces remain in the foundation stones and the wall known as the muro del Espaldón.

The Jewish Quarter was found within the alcazaba, the Moorish fortification, separated from the rest of the city by its walls. The physical separation had the purpose of protecting the Jewish people in the town from harm, but also had the result of keeping Christians and Jews separate, with the Christians inhabiting the lower part of town.

The remains of the Jewish Quarter extended over an area of 5,700 square m, and 12 homes and a synagogue have been found; the synagogue dates from the 14th century and is the only one found in the Murcia. The streets of the town had an irregular layout, adapted to the landscape, and is divided into four terraces. The synagogue was in the central location, and around it were the homes. The homes were of rectangular shape, with various compartmentalized rooms. The living quarters were elevated and a common feature was benches attached to the walls, kitchens, stand for earthenware jars, or cupboards.

Modern history

With the disappearance of the frontier after the conquest of Granada in 1492, Lorca Castle no longer became as important as before. With the expulsion of the Jews by order of Ferdinand and Isabella, Lorca Castle was also depopulated as a result. The castle was abandoned completely, and was almost a complete ruin by the 18th century. In the 19th century, the castle was refurbished due to the War of Spanish Independence. The walls and structures were repaired or modified and its medieval look changed. A battery of cannons was installed, for example, during this time. In 1931 Lorca Castle was declared a National Historic Monument.

Currently, a parador (luxury hotel) has been built within the castle. As a result, archaeological discoveries have been found, including the Jewish Quarter.