Top Historic Sights in Pamplona, Spain

Explore the historic highlights of Pamplona

Church of San Saturnino

The Romanesque church of San Saturnino was probably built between 1180-1200 over the primitive church. The Romanesque church was suffered by several attacks during the course of conflicts with neighboring towns in the 13th century. The current Gothic appearance dates from the 13th century. Located on Calle San Saturnino, the portico offers a set of Gothic-style sculpture made between the late 13th and early 14th centuri ...
Founded: 1180-1200 | Location: Pamplona, Spain

Pamplona Cathedral

The site of the Pamplona Cathedral (Santa María la Real) is the oldest part of the Roman Pompaelo. Archaeological excavations have revealed streets and buildings from the 1st century BC. The oldest cathedral was demolished in 924 during the invasion of Abd-al-Rahman III, Caliph of Cordoba. During the reign of Sancho III (1004–1035) the church was reconstructed. That church was demolished from 1083 to 1097, and the Roma ...
Founded: 1394-1501 | Location: Pamplona, Spain

San Nicolás Church

San Nicolás church was built in the 12th century not only with religious functions, but also as a defensive bastion of the quarter during the strife with the neighbouring ones of St. Saturnino and Navarrería. The military role is evident in the watch tower. In 1222 the original Romanesque church was destroyed by a fire, and was replaced by a new building, consecrated in 1231. The interior is in Gothic style, from di ...
Founded: 1231 | Location: Pamplona, Spain

Museum of Navarre

The Museum of Navarra is the art museum of Navarre. It is located in the old hospital of 16th-century Nuestra Señora de la Misericordia de Pamplona, converted to museum only in 1956. The origins of the collection are works obtained by a provincial Commission in 1844, and displayed in 1910 at what is now the Cámara de los Comptos. To the right of the entrance is the facade of the church of the hospital. The exhibits in ...
Founded: 1956 | Location: Pamplona, Spain

Citadel of Pamplona

The Citadel of Pamplona is an old military renaissance fort, constructed between the 16th and 17th centuries. At present a large part of the fort it is still standing in a public park with cultural activities taking place in its buildings. Philip II of Spain ordered his construction in 1571, following a plan for renovation and general reinforcement of the city walls. The defensive system was built in line with the theory ...
Founded: 1571 | Location: Pamplona, Spain

Fort San Cristóbal

The Fort Alfonso XII or San Cristóbal is a fort located on the top of the mount San Cristóbal, 4 km from Pamplona, Spain. It was built after the Carlist War of 1872-1876 because Carlists succeeded to reach Pamplona (controlled by the liberal Government) with their artillery from this and other mountains surrounding Pamplona from the north. The advances in artillery during late 19th century forced the military authoriti ...
Founded: 1878-1919 | Location: Pamplona, Spain

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Caerleon Roman Amphitheatre

Built around AD 90 to entertain the legionaries stationed at the fort of Caerleon (Isca), the impressive amphitheatre was the Roman equivalent of today’s multiplex cinema. Wooden benches provided seating for up to 6,000 spectators, who would gather to watch bloodthirsty displays featuring gladiatorial combat and exotic wild animals.

Long after the Romans left, the amphitheatre took on a new life in Arthurian legend. Geoffrey of Monmouth, the somewhat imaginative 12th-century scholar, wrote in his History of the Kings of Britain that Arthur was crowned in Caerleon and that the ruined amphitheatre was actually the remains of King Arthur’s Round Table.

Today it is the most complete Roman amphitheatre in Britain.