Castles in Saxony

Bieberstein Castle

Bieberstein Castle is located on the left bank of the river Bobritzsch in Bieberstein, part of Reinsberg municipality. A nobleman Günther von Bieberstein who named himself after the castle was first mentioned in a document of 1218. A bergfried with square footprint reminds of the medieval castle which was later transformed into an early modern castle. The latter was joined to the medieval bergfried into a contiguous bui ...
Founded: 17th century | Location: Reinsberg, Germany

Wiesenburg Castle

The Wiesenburg Castle is located in the Wiesenburg district of Wildenfels, on a hill overlooking the eastern shore of the Mulde river. The castle protects the bridge across the Mulde to Schönau and Wildenfels. Today"s castle arose out of a medieval castle, the construction of which probably began around the year 1200. The castle was first mentioned in a document dated 1251. The building was expanded in the 14th C ...
Founded: c. 1200 | Location: Wildenfels, Germany

Lauterstein Castle

Archeological investigations have shown that the Lauterstein castle was built in the second half of the 12th century. It was first mentioned in writing in 1304 when a document named a Johannis in Lutirstein of the ministerial family of Erdmannsdorf in the castle. Its purpose was the protection of a medieval trade route between Leipzig and Prague across the Ore Mountains. The family of Schellenberg became lords o ...
Founded: 12th century | Location: Marienberg, Germany

Jagdhaus Breitenbrunn

The electoral hunting lodge Breitenbrunn (Jagdhaus) in the Ore Mountains community of the same name was converted from a watchtower, which was probably built in the 13th or 14th century, is now a ruin under monument protection and is a landmark of the place. After a Vorwerk of the Schwarzenberg rulership was first built and later a settlement was built, the watchtower was converted into a hunting lodge, accommodation and ...
Founded: 13th century | Location: Breitenbrunn/Erzgebirge, Germany

Belgershain Castle

Belgershain Castle history spans to the 11-12th centuries. The swamp castle, which was built in the 15th century, was surrounded by a moat and served to protect the Via Regia Lusatiae Superioris trade route passing nearby. By 1600, the complex was converted into a residential palace. The interior got its shape in the 17th century. A spiral staircase and a hall with cross vaults behind it are remarkable. The door frames ma ...
Founded: 17th century | Location: Belgershain, Germany

Wiedersberg Castle

Wiedersberg Castle was built around 1200 to protect the route from Plauen to Hof. The first documentary evidence dates from 1267. The castle is considered the ancestral home of the barons Wiedersperger. The castle was expanded after 1300 and fell into disrepair from 1500. In the 16th century, a mansion in the Renaissance style was built in the valley in the local area. Today the ring wall and gate tower remain, as well as ...
Founded: c. 1200 | Location: Triebel, Germany

Purschenstein Castle

Purschenstein Castle in Neuhausen/Erzgebirge was built in the late 12th century, around 1200, probably by Boresch I (Borso). The toll and escort castle protected a salt road running from Central Germany to Bohemia. This long-distance trading route, also called the Old Bohemian Track (Alter Böhmischer Steig), ran from Leipzig past present-day Neuhausen and over the Deutscheinsiedler Saddle towards Prague. After nume ...
Founded: c. 1200 | Location: Neuhausen (Erzgebirge), Germany

Mühltroff Castle

Mühltroff castle was probably in the 10th to 11th centuries to strengthen the rule of German Emperor, the knights to protect against attacks by the Sorbs with their fixings mortgaged founded. In 1357 the Plauen bailiffs had to hand over the castle to the Wettin margrave brothers Balthasar and Wilhelm , who then enfeoffed various vassal families with it. In 1380 the castle was burned down in the Guttenberg feud. From 194 ...
Founded: 10th century AD | Location: Mühltroff, Germany

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Seaplane Harbour Museum

The Seaplane Harbour is the newest and one of the most exciting museums in Tallinn. It tells stories about the Estonian maritime and military history. The museum’s display, that comprises of more than a couple of hundred large exhibits, revitalizes the colourful history of Estonia.

British built submarine Lembit weighing 600 tones is the centrepiece of the new museum. Built in 1936 for the Estonian navy, Lembit served in the World War II under the Soviet flag. It remained in service for 75 years being the oldest submarine in the World still in use until it was hauled ashore in 2011. Despite its long history, Lembit is still in an excellent condition offering a glimpse of the 1930s art of technology.

Another exciting attraction is a full-scale replica of Short Type 184, a British pre-World War II seaplane, which was also used by the Estonian armed forces. Short Type 184 has earned its place in military history by being the first aircraft ever to attack an enemy’s ship with an air-launched torpedo. Since none of the original seaplanes have survived, the replica in Seaplane Harbour is the only full-size representation of the aircraft in the whole World.

Simulators mimicking a flight above Tallinn, around-the-world journey in the yellow submarine, navigating on the Tallinn bay make this museum heaven for kids or adventurous adults.

Seaplane Harbour operates in architecturally unique hangars built almost a century ago, in 1916 and 1917, as a part of Peter the Great sea fortress. These hangars are the World’s first reinforced concrete shell structures of such a great size. Charles Lindbergh, the man who performed the first solo flight across the Atlantic Ocean, landed here in 1930s.

On the outdoor area visitors can tour a collection of historic ships, including the Suur Tõll, Europe's largest steam-powered icebreaker.