Mühltroff castle was probably in the 10th to 11th centuries to strengthen the rule of German Emperor, the knights to protect against attacks by the Sorbs with their fixings mortgaged founded. In 1357 the Plauen bailiffs had to hand over the castle to the Wettin margrave brothers Balthasar and Wilhelm , who then enfeoffed various vassal families with it. In 1380 the castle was burned down in the Guttenberg feud.
From 1949 to 1989, the castle, which was made public property of the GDR , was used as a residential building until it came back into Mühltroff's possession after the fall of the Berlin Wall. It was sold privately in 1999 as the only part of the castle and contains modern apartments.
As the cultural center of the place, the castle, which can be visited during guided tours, offers rooms for a wide range of club and exhibition activities as well as a wide range of events, with the 'black kitchen' being particularly worthy of mention.
The castle was founded as a low castle on a green stone cliff as a round defense and watch tower surrounded by moats , around which residential and farm buildings and a manor were built over the centuries.
The main building of the castle dates from the 16th and 17th centuries, when a lot was built. Remodeling took place after the fire in 1817 and the castle tower was redesigned between 1820 and 1837 and 1856.References:
The Château d'Olhain is probably the most famous castle of the Artois region. It is located in the middle of a lake which reflects its picturesque towers and curtain walls. It was also a major stronghold for the Artois in medieval times and testimony to the power of the Olhain family, first mentioned from the 12th century.
The existence of the castle was known early in the 13th century, but the present construction is largely the work of Jean de Nielles, who married Marie d’Olhain at the end of the 15th century.
The marriage of Alix Nielles to Jean de Berghes, Grand Veneur de France (master of hounds) to the King, meant the castle passed to this family, who kept it for more than 450 years. Once confiscated by Charles Quint, it suffered during the wars that ravaged the Artois. Besieged in 1641 by the French, it was partly demolished by the Spaniards in 1654, and finally blown-up and taken by the Dutch in 1710. Restored in 1830, it was abandoned after 1870, and sold by the last Prince of Berghes in 1900. There is also evidence that one of the castles occupants was related to Charles de Batz-Castelmore d'Artagnan, the person Alexandre Dumas based his Three Musketeers charictor d'Artagnan on.
During the World War I and World War II, the castle was requisitioned first by French troops, then Canadian and British soldiers. The current owner has restored the castle to its former glory.