Orahovica Monastery

Orahovica, Croatia

The Orahovica Monastery is a Serbian Orthodox monastery mentioned in 1583 when it was a seat of the Požega metropolitanate. It is thought to have been built before the end of the 15th century.



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Founded: 15th century
Category: Religious sites in Croatia

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Szabó Csaba (2 years ago)
Quiet neighborhood, it can be interesting to live here. Nature, bees, calm, ...
Миладин Отовић (2 years ago)
Orahovica Monastery - Orthodox lighthouse of the Serbs of Slavonia Orahovica Monastery is one of the oldest spiritual centers of the Serbs, the so-called Lower Slavonia, or Podravina. It is mentioned at the end of the 15th century under the name Remeta, which means "monastic desert", and later it took the name Duzluk after the nearby village of the same name. Orahovica Monastery is located deep in the forest, in a bay in the middle of Papuk. The cathedral of the monastery is dedicated to Saint Nicholas of Myra. - It is interesting that the cult of the Transfer of the relics of Holy Father Nikolaj to our people began right here in this monastery and from here it spread to the rest of the Serbian church, to the rest of the Pec Patriarchate. The monastery of Orahovica really has a special place in our nation, especially among our Slavonians, who are the most connected of all monasteries to the monastery of Orahovica. Patriarch Pavle also came to him as a child. Here we even have photographs from that period when he came here as a child and drew his piety here, here he drew his knowledge of God, here he drew his respect for St. Father Nikolai and here he was formed as a spiritual child. Also, all our people who are connected to Orahovica gather here today and are spiritually strengthened - Bishop Jovan of Slavonia told us during the celebration of the temple glory of the monastery. In the war nineties of the last century, the last two monks left the Orahovica monastery in 1991, and the care of this shrine was taken over in 1993 by the parish priest from Medina, Jovan Šaulić. The monastery came to life in 2016 Today, the abbot of the Orahovica monastery is Abbot Pavle, who arrived in 2016 together with Father Anastasia. They came here from the monastery of Ostrog with the blessing of Metropolitan Amfilohije to renew life in this diocese. - Bishop Jovan received us with joy, as did all the local faithful here. The monastery did not have permanent residents for twenty years, there were occasional monks there, and Father Jovan Šaulić took care of the sanctuary and the monastery was in good condition. Everything was nicely arranged and it could not be concluded that the monastery was without monks. Otherwise, it is very suitable for monastic life, it has no electricity, but it has good water and it is far from any settlement and any upset, commotion and noise. I like it very much, so I gladly received the blessing to come to this shrine and I hope that with the help of all these people here I will renew the spiritual life in the diocese whose cause of suffering is not in this last war, but it is much deeper and much longer. lasted - claims Abbot Pavle. There are several legends about how this monastery was created, but the real founder, says Abbot Pavle, is not known. - Father Ambrosije from the Krk monastery, who teaches history at the seminary, says that the old Dalmatians claim that the Orahovica monastery is the oldest Orthodox monastery in Croatia. So that would place him somewhere in the early 14th century. The foundations of an older building are located on the site of this church, and we will know that more precisely after the excavations that will follow in the years ahead. Then we'll see what's really here. There are assumptions that the Paulines were here until the arrival of the Turks, and then they disappeared. The church, as it looks now, was built in 1592, and two years later it was frescoed. It was made by masters from Wallachia, from today's Romania. We know that from the fact that the Vlachs used the Church Slavonic language at that time and had their own specific pronunciation, and those spelling mistakes can be found on our frescoes, by which we can confirm that - Abbot Pavle continues the story of the monastery. Orahovac monks bearers of literacy and enlightenment In its greatest spiritual momentum, the monastery had up to a hundred monks who did not all stay here. There were several convents in Slatinski Drenovac, in Gazije, in Duzluk and in several other places where monks who belonged to this shrine lived. In addition to worship, the learned monks of Orahovica were also teachers in the surrounding Serbian places and taught the Serbian youth in literacy and science.
Ljuba JUŽNIČ (2 years ago)
The serenity of ancient peace in the middle of the woods. Smell of bees and honey. I was most impressed by the rose plantations in the inner garden.
Zoran Barić (3 years ago)
A place surrounded by beautiful nature, forest, springs, streams, hiking and biking trails, near the lookout point leading to the main road
Olivera Nin (4 years ago)
Holy place with beautiful surrounding..
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Lorca Castle

Castle of Lorca (Castillo de Lorca) is a fortress of medieval origin constructed between the 9th and 15th centuries. It consists of a series of defensive structures that, during the Middle Ages, made the town and the fortress an impregnable point in the southeast part of the Iberian Peninsula. Lorca Castle was a key strategic point of contention between Christians and Muslims during the Reconquista.

Archaeological excavations have revealed that the site of the castle has been inhabited since Neolithic times.

Muslim Era

It has not been determined exactly when a castle or fortress was first built on the hill. The first written documentation referring to a castle at Lorca is of Muslim origin, which in the 9th century, indicates that the city of Lurqa was an important town in the area ruled by Theudimer (Tudmir). During Muslim rule, Lorca Castle was an impregnable fortress and its interior was divided into two sections by the Espaldón Wall. In the western part, there was an area used to protect livestock and grain in times of danger. The eastern part had a neighbourhood called the barrio de Alcalá.

After Reconquista

Lorca was conquered by the Castilian Infante Don Alfonso, the future Alfonso X, in 1244, and the fortress became a key defensive point against the Kingdom of Granada. For 250 years, Lorca Castle was a watchpoint on the border between the Christian kingdom of Murcia and the Muslim state of Granada.

Alfonso X ordered the construction of the towers known as the Alfonsina and Espolón Towers, and strengthened and fixed the walls. Hardly a trace of the Muslim fortress remained due to this reconstruction. Muslim traces remain in the foundation stones and the wall known as the muro del Espaldón.

The Jewish Quarter was found within the alcazaba, the Moorish fortification, separated from the rest of the city by its walls. The physical separation had the purpose of protecting the Jewish people in the town from harm, but also had the result of keeping Christians and Jews separate, with the Christians inhabiting the lower part of town.

The remains of the Jewish Quarter extended over an area of 5,700 square m, and 12 homes and a synagogue have been found; the synagogue dates from the 14th century and is the only one found in the Murcia. The streets of the town had an irregular layout, adapted to the landscape, and is divided into four terraces. The synagogue was in the central location, and around it were the homes. The homes were of rectangular shape, with various compartmentalized rooms. The living quarters were elevated and a common feature was benches attached to the walls, kitchens, stand for earthenware jars, or cupboards.

Modern history

With the disappearance of the frontier after the conquest of Granada in 1492, Lorca Castle no longer became as important as before. With the expulsion of the Jews by order of Ferdinand and Isabella, Lorca Castle was also depopulated as a result. The castle was abandoned completely, and was almost a complete ruin by the 18th century. In the 19th century, the castle was refurbished due to the War of Spanish Independence. The walls and structures were repaired or modified and its medieval look changed. A battery of cannons was installed, for example, during this time. In 1931 Lorca Castle was declared a National Historic Monument.

Currently, a parador (luxury hotel) has been built within the castle. As a result, archaeological discoveries have been found, including the Jewish Quarter.