The castle of Friol San Paio of Narla has an unknown origin. It was rebuilt in the sixteenth century by Don Vasco Seixas, lord of the Solar House and Castro Seixas and Pazo de San Paio of Narla. The central part is flanked by the Homenaxe Tour (Homenage Tour) and a large turret.
The ground floor includes the courtyard, the stables and the cellar. The floor houses a collection of farming tools, several riding objects and weaving instruments for linen and wool. The first floor includes a kitchen, a function room and other halls with artistic object, furniture and household furnishings. The last floor shows a Renaissance fireplace and gives access to the battlemented and shows the fortress environs.
The 18th century chapel - separated from the main building - has a squared ground plan and a hip roof. Inside the chapel a 19th century altarpiece is displayed.
San Paio de Narla was purchased in 1939 by the Provincial Council of Lugo. In 1983 it was turned into an etnographic and history museum, moving many etnographic collections from the Museum of Lugo.References:
Roman Walls of Lugo are an exceptional architectural, archaeological and constructive legacy of Roman engineering, dating from the 3rd and 4th centuries AD. The Walls are built of internal and external stone facings of slate with some granite, with a core filling of a conglomerate of slate slabs and worked stone pieces from Roman buildings, interlocked with lime mortar.
Their total length of 2117 m in the shape of an oblong rectangle occupies an area of 1.68 ha. Their height varies between 8 and 10 m, with a width of 4.2 m, reaching 7 m in some specific points. The walls still contain 85 external towers, 10 gates (five of which are original and five that were opened in modern times), four staircases and two ramps providing access to the walkway along the top of the walls, one of which is internal and the other external. Each tower contained access stairs leading from the intervallum to the wall walk of town wall, of which a total of 21 have been discovered to date.
The defences of Lugo are the most complete and best preserved example of Roman military architecture in the Western Roman Empire.
Despite the renovation work carried out, the walls conserve their original layout and the construction features associated with their defensive purpose, with walls, battlements, towers, fortifications, both modern and original gates and stairways, and a moat.
Since they were built, the walls have defined the layout and growth of the city, which was declared a Historical-Artistic Ensemble in 1973, forming a part of it and becoming an emblematic structure that can be freely accessed to walk along. The local inhabitants and visitors alike have used them as an area for enjoyment and as a part of urban life for centuries.
The fortifications were added to UNESCO"s World Heritage List in late 2000 and are a popular tourist attraction.