The Scurati Caves are an ancient settlement and a speleological geological site located in the municipality of Custonaci. The site includes a total of nine caves. The largest cave is the Mangiapane cave, which is about 70 meters high, 13 wide and 50 deep. Numerous ancient findings have been found in the site including rock paintings.

Guido Dalla Rosa first explored the area in 1870, surfacing ancient clues of a human presence – some of which 20,000 years old: flits, obsidian tools and cave paintings. The caves, however, were not a regular archeological site: in the early 1800s, man had returned. Indeed, Grotta Mangiapane is named after the family who had settled in these primordial quarters and lived there until the 1950s.



Your name


Founded: 18,000 BCE
Category: Prehistoric and archaeological sites in Italy

More Information


4.6/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Mark Vassallo (13 months ago)
A must see. Well kept and well presented life style of days gone by.
giada cestari (14 months ago)
Go back in time by walking around the paths of this former village of a self efficient family. You will see houses made out of the mountain's cave, traditional tools and there are also some courtyard animals keeping the place alive. Very quick and hurried introduction from the person in charge at the entrance. Free parking and free toilet. Donation at the site.
Mike CA (20 months ago)
Amazing site. Tour guide was very nice. Highly recommend
Martin Suhr (Veganic.Martin) (21 months ago)
It was so sweet. The museum - village is so well maintained and I was struck by all the detail we could figure out. Unfortunately we couldn't go all the way into Grotto since there was a movie to be shot. But anyway. Already the outsides were really really nice!
lino ferrara (2 years ago)
A well preserved wonder of nature and man. Once covered by water then inhabited by early man and then the home to an extended family. Inhabited until the early 1960s. Worth the trip and have a live nativity at Christmas. Being your camera spectacular views of the sea as well....
Powered by Google

Featured Historic Landmarks, Sites & Buildings

Historic Site of the week

Roman Walls of Lugo

Roman Walls of Lugo are an exceptional architectural, archaeological and constructive legacy of Roman engineering, dating from the 3rd and 4th centuries AD. The Walls are built of internal and external stone facings of slate with some granite, with a core filling of a conglomerate of slate slabs and worked stone pieces from Roman buildings, interlocked with lime mortar.

Their total length of 2117 m in the shape of an oblong rectangle occupies an area of 1.68 ha. Their height varies between 8 and 10 m, with a width of 4.2 m, reaching 7 m in some specific points. The walls still contain 85 external towers, 10 gates (five of which are original and five that were opened in modern times), four staircases and two ramps providing access to the walkway along the top of the walls, one of which is internal and the other external. Each tower contained access stairs leading from the intervallum to the wall walk of town wall, of which a total of 21 have been discovered to date.

The defences of Lugo are the most complete and best preserved example of Roman military architecture in the Western Roman Empire.

Despite the renovation work carried out, the walls conserve their original layout and the construction features associated with their defensive purpose, with walls, battlements, towers, fortifications, both modern and original gates and stairways, and a moat.

Since they were built, the walls have defined the layout and growth of the city, which was declared a Historical-Artistic Ensemble in 1973, forming a part of it and becoming an emblematic structure that can be freely accessed to walk along. The local inhabitants and visitors alike have used them as an area for enjoyment and as a part of urban life for centuries.

The fortifications were added to UNESCO"s World Heritage List in late 2000 and are a popular tourist attraction.