Gardyne Castle was built by the Gardyne family, and an inscribed stone records the date 1568. The date stone also bears the arms of King James VI and the motto 'God save the King'. Together with the distinctive style of some of the architectural features, such as the conical-roofed bartizans, this suggests an attempt to link the building with Royal Stewart architecture, and with the new king, as opposed to his predecessor the deposed Mary, Queen of Scots.
The Gardynes held a long-running feud with the Guthries of nearby Guthrie Castle, leading the Crown to confiscate the lands of both families in 1632. The Gardynes subsequently moved to a nearby residence, and Gardyne Castle became the property of the Lyell family of Dysart.
A large extension was added in 1740, which forms the central part of the current building. A further addition was made in 1910 when Harold Tarbolton was the architect. The building was renovated in the early 21st century.
The castle was remodelled and modernised (adding electricity) in 1910 by the Edinburgh architect Harold Tarbolton.References:
The Château d'Olhain is probably the most famous castle of the Artois region. It is located in the middle of a lake which reflects its picturesque towers and curtain walls. It was also a major stronghold for the Artois in medieval times and testimony to the power of the Olhain family, first mentioned from the 12th century.
The existence of the castle was known early in the 13th century, but the present construction is largely the work of Jean de Nielles, who married Marie d’Olhain at the end of the 15th century.
The marriage of Alix Nielles to Jean de Berghes, Grand Veneur de France (master of hounds) to the King, meant the castle passed to this family, who kept it for more than 450 years. Once confiscated by Charles Quint, it suffered during the wars that ravaged the Artois. Besieged in 1641 by the French, it was partly demolished by the Spaniards in 1654, and finally blown-up and taken by the Dutch in 1710. Restored in 1830, it was abandoned after 1870, and sold by the last Prince of Berghes in 1900. There is also evidence that one of the castles occupants was related to Charles de Batz-Castelmore d'Artagnan, the person Alexandre Dumas based his Three Musketeers charictor d'Artagnan on.
During the World War I and World War II, the castle was requisitioned first by French troops, then Canadian and British soldiers. The current owner has restored the castle to its former glory.