Gardyne Castle was built by the Gardyne family, and an inscribed stone records the date 1568. The date stone also bears the arms of King James VI and the motto 'God save the King'. Together with the distinctive style of some of the architectural features, such as the conical-roofed bartizans, this suggests an attempt to link the building with Royal Stewart architecture, and with the new king, as opposed to his predecessor the deposed Mary, Queen of Scots.

The Gardynes held a long-running feud with the Guthries of nearby Guthrie Castle, leading the Crown to confiscate the lands of both families in 1632. The Gardynes subsequently moved to a nearby residence, and Gardyne Castle became the property of the Lyell family of Dysart.

A large extension was added in 1740, which forms the central part of the current building. A further addition was made in 1910 when Harold Tarbolton was the architect. The building was renovated in the early 21st century.

The castle was remodelled and modernised (adding electricity) in 1910 by the Edinburgh architect Harold Tarbolton.

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Founded: 1568
Category: Castles and fortifications in United Kingdom

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The five-domed church looks simpler but no less impressive than its prototype, the thirteen-domed St Sophia of Kiev. The cathedral exterior is striking in its majesty and epic splendour evoking the memories of Novgorod's glorious past and invincible might. In the 11th century it looked more imposing than now. Its facade represented a gigantic mosaic of huge, coarsely trimmed irregular slabs of flagstone and shell rock. In some places (particularly on the apses), the wall was covered with mortar, smoothly polished, drawn up to imitate courses of brick or of whitestone slabs, and slightly coloured. As a result, the facade was not white, as it is today, but multicoloured. The play of stone, decorative painting and the building materials of various texture enhanced the impression of austere simplicity and introduced a picturesque effect.

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