Edinample Castle is a late 16th-century tower house on the southern shores of Loch Earn near Balquhidder. The estate was granted to Colin Campbell, 6th Laird of Glenorchy in 1547. His son, Sir Duncan Campbell probably built the castle in 1584.
The castle takes the form of a Z-plan tower house and most likely incorporates an earlier tower in its eastern side. The rectangular main block measures 13.1 by 8.2 m and is three storeys and an attic high. Circular bartizans are corbelled out at the north and south corners at the second-storey level. Four-storey round towers, roughly 7.0 m in diameter, are at the northwestern and southeastern corners. Circular stair towers are corbelled out at the first-storey level at the northern junctures with the main block.
The interior and the roofs were remodelled around 1790. Sometime during the 18th or 19th centuries a two-storey porch and stairway was built against the northern face of the castle. A single-storey U-plan corrugated-iron structure was erected in 1870 on the eastern side, probably as an office. In the early 20th century a five-storey addition was built, completely enclosing the southeastern tower. The castle fell into a state of dereliction by the 1960s, but it was renovated for use as a private family home from about 1968–1998 by a series of owners. As part of the remodelling, all of the external additions, except for the office, were demolished.References:
Roman Walls of Lugo are an exceptional architectural, archaeological and constructive legacy of Roman engineering, dating from the 3rd and 4th centuries AD. The Walls are built of internal and external stone facings of slate with some granite, with a core filling of a conglomerate of slate slabs and worked stone pieces from Roman buildings, interlocked with lime mortar.
Their total length of 2117 m in the shape of an oblong rectangle occupies an area of 1.68 ha. Their height varies between 8 and 10 m, with a width of 4.2 m, reaching 7 m in some specific points. The walls still contain 85 external towers, 10 gates (five of which are original and five that were opened in modern times), four staircases and two ramps providing access to the walkway along the top of the walls, one of which is internal and the other external. Each tower contained access stairs leading from the intervallum to the wall walk of town wall, of which a total of 21 have been discovered to date.
The defences of Lugo are the most complete and best preserved example of Roman military architecture in the Western Roman Empire.
Despite the renovation work carried out, the walls conserve their original layout and the construction features associated with their defensive purpose, with walls, battlements, towers, fortifications, both modern and original gates and stairways, and a moat.
Since they were built, the walls have defined the layout and growth of the city, which was declared a Historical-Artistic Ensemble in 1973, forming a part of it and becoming an emblematic structure that can be freely accessed to walk along. The local inhabitants and visitors alike have used them as an area for enjoyment and as a part of urban life for centuries.
The fortifications were added to UNESCO"s World Heritage List in late 2000 and are a popular tourist attraction.