The castle in Dzięgielów lies on the eastern edge of the village. The current Renaissance building was not the first stronghold. During the excavations, the traces of an earlier, medieval fortified settlement were uncovered here, which served primarily residential and defensive purposes. The archaeologists have uncovered fragments of walls and foundations of the circular building, which was probably a tower.
Castle in Dziegielow was built in 15th century. It is a building made of stone and brick. Castle was made up from four parts – for wings (three of them remained until now).
Western part is a front wing with wide vestibule, with four bays in side walls with cradled vaulting and sail vaulting. On the ground floor, on the right, there is a big hall, formerly castle chapel and on the left there are rooms of a different size intended for the castle servants. Wide stone stairs lead upstairs to the first floor from opened-corridor, from the courtyard side, with three semicircular arc shaped arcades. There were living rooms on the first floor. Western floor turns into Southern, which on the ground floor, despite living rooms, has many spaces and chambers that were used for storing food, beer seasoning, wine and vodka storage, for in the past times there was distillery and brewery located inside the castle.
Northern part is separate, rebuild in 18th century living building, single-storeyed and cellared. Living rooms were intended for many guests, coming not only for hunting, but also visiting castle for the occasion of meetings and conferences, in times when castle owners were high standing in dutchy and in Austrian monarchy.
North East courtyard wing with separate entrances and staircase despite rooms had large pigsties and horse stables. Here, dispatch riders were changing their horses for the next journeys. Over the vestibule entrance – portal of semicircular finish, shaped, with Sreniawa and Ogonczyk crests. Similar, but bigger portal adorns western gate. Over the portal cartouche with Sreniawa, Goczalkowski and Odrowaz crests with date 1768. Over pigsties and stables – high, beamed attic, being used as a storage for fodder for cattle and horses.References:
German crusaders known as the Livonian Brothers of the Sword began construction of the Cēsis castle (Wenden) near the hill fort in 1209. When the castle was enlarged and fortified, it served as the residence for the Order's Master from 1237 till 1561, with periodic interruptions. Its ruins are some of the most majestic castle ruins in the Baltic states. Once the most important castle of the Livonian Order, it was the official residence for the masters of the order.
In 1577, during the Livonian War, the garrison destroyed the castle to prevent it from falling into the control of Ivan the Terrible, who was decisively defeated in the Battle of Wenden (1578).
In 1598 it was incorporated into the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and Wenden Voivodship was created here. In 1620 Wenden was conquered by Sweden. It was rebuilt afterwards, but was destroyed again in 1703 during the Great Northern War by the Russian army and left in a ruined state. Already from the end of the 16th century, the premises of the Order's castle were adjusted to the requirements of the Cēsis Castle estate. When in 1777 the Cēsis Castle estate was obtained by Count Carl Sievers, he had his new residence house built on the site of the eastern block of the castle, joining its end wall with the fortification tower.
Since 1949, the Cēsis History Museum has been located in this New Castle of the Cēsis Castle estate. The front yard of the New Castle is enclosed by a granary and a stable-coach house, which now houses the Exhibition Hall of the Museum. Beside the granary there is the oldest brewery in Latvia, Cēsu alus darītava, which was built in 1878 during the later Count Sievers' time, but its origins date back to the period of the Livonian Order. Further on, the Cēsis Castle park is situated, which was laid out in 1812. The park has the romantic characteristic of that time, with its winding footpaths, exotic plants, and the waters of the pond reflecting the castle's ruins. Nowadays also one of the towers is open for tourists.