Situated on the left bank of the Navia Estuary, Castro de Coaña is a hilltop settlement (4th Century BC) surrounded by walls and accessed from the south. The main defensive structure is located precisely in the south and consists of a wide ditch dug into the slaty subsoil finished off by a wall. Inside, the settlement is divided into several sectors.
It has a diamond shape in which the three areas can be clearly distinguished. The acropolis is a triangular enclosure surrounded by a wall, not used for housing. Access to this area was protected by a square tower. The northern residential sector spreads out beneath the north wall of the acropolis, mostly consisting of circular huts. Some of them are accessed via a hall or corridor. The walls are made of slate with rounded corners.
Inside the residential sector near the gate to the acropolis, there are two groups of buildings associated with channelling water and a pool, a granite vessel called a 'bath', which suggests that it was used for bathing or rustic saunas.References:
The Beckov castle stands on a steep 50 m tall rock in the village Beckov. The dominance of the rock and impression of invincibility it gaves, challenged our ancestors to make use of these assets. The result is a remarkable harmony between the natural setting and architecture.
The castle first mentioned in 1200 was originally owned by the King and later, at the end of the 13th century it fell in hands of Matúš Èák. Its owners alternated - at the end of the 14th century the family of Stibor of Stiborice bought it.
The next owners, the Bánffys who adapted the Gothic castle to the Renaissance residence, improved its fortifications preventing the Turks from conquering it at the end of the 16th century. When Bánffys died out, the castle was owned by several noble families. It fell in decay after fire in 1729.
The history of the castle is the subject of different legends. One of them narrates the origin of the name of castle derived from that of jester Becko for whom the Duke Stibor had the castle built.
Another legend has it that the lord of the castle had his servant thrown down from the rock because he protected his child from the lords favourite dog. Before his death, the servant pronounced a curse saying that they would meet in a year and days time, and indeed precisely after that time the lord was bitten by a snake and fell down to the same abyss.
The well-conserved ruins of the castle, now the National Cultural Monument, are frequently visited by tourists, above all in July when the castle festival takes place. The former Ambro curia situated below the castle now shelters the exhibition of the local history.