Chao Samartín

Grandas, Spain

Chao Samartín is a Castro located in the municipality of Grandas. It was founded in the Bronze Age, around the year 800 BCE.

The beginnings of this fortified village lay toward the end of the Bronze Age (about 3,000 years ago); the first defenses are from this period, a moat and a palisade that surround a sacred enclosure with an entrance preceded by some large rocks. Inside a building was located that is quite large for its era (some 60 m²).

Already in the Iron Age the inhabited area of the castro started to grow considerably. In the 4th century. the defenses existed of a wall and several moats that in their interior contained dwellings of circular and rectangular plan with rounded corners. These dwellings had one room and a roof of plant materials. The only entrance to the village was from the south through a large gate over a moat. The inhabitants were farmers, prepared foods in ceramic pots and pans and used tools of iron, copper, silver, and gold, as is shown by the objects that have been found at this location. In this era, the first sauna in this castro was built.

With the arrival of the Roman Empire, a period of peace and prosperity began that altered the defensive character of the hill fort because the inhabitants started to take advantage of the fact that nearby several gold mines were found. Their prosperity came to a halt when the settlement was suddenly abandoned after an earthquake taking place toward the 2nd Century AD.

Excavation of the castro were begun in 1990 and there is still a large part of the village hidden under the soil that has not been studied yet. Investigations showed that the settlement was suddenly abandoned, which is explained by findings of many tools, jewelry, and other objects of value that pertain to the Roman Period.

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Details

Founded: 800 BCE
Category: Prehistoric and archaeological sites in Spain

More Information

en.wikipedia.org

Rating

4.4/5 (based on Google user reviews)

User Reviews

Ricardo Chao Prieto (14 months ago)
It is a museum that is taking its first steps. It needs funding and initiative from the administrations. The palloza is very good with ethnographic elements and traditional life, although a better organization of the explanatory posters and references to the language of the Furniella / Fornela valley is missing. And that all the labels of the implements were with his name in furniello / fornelo.
Lewis Engel (14 months ago)
Romanized Castro has a large communal cabin.
Pecios de la arquitectura montañesa (14 months ago)
Small but interesting museum. A collection that you do not expect to find in this place. I recommend the guided tour + castro.
eloy albaladejo (15 months ago)
Very educational! The museum is very well organized and the visit to the fort is recommended.
Manuel G (Lolo) (15 months ago)
Interesting museum with many real pieces found in the Castro that is 300 meters away. Various civilizations in little space. The explanations of the fabulous guide, well explained, it shows that he likes what he talks about. Recommended if you are in the area.
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